Douglass On Federalism
Once slavery had been abolished in law, it remained in the mind and soul and culture. How to extirpate it? Frederick Douglass got it right, I think:
Slavery, like all other great systems of wrong, founded in the depths of human selfishness, and existing for ages, has not neglected its own conservation ... Custom, manners, morals, religion, are all on its side everywhere in the South; and when you add the ignorance and servility of the ex-slave to the intelligence and accustomed authority of the master, you have the conditions, not out of which slavery will again grow, but under which it is impossible for the Federal government to wholly destroy it, unless the Federal government be armed with despotic power, to blot out State authority, and to station a Federal officer at every cross-road. This, of course, cannot be done, and ought not even if it could. The true way and the easiest way is to make our government entirely consistent with itself, and give to every loyal citizen the elective franchise a right and power which will be ever present, and will form a wall of fire for his protection.
States' rights; equal suffrage; and national progress. Not a bad triad.