The new Supreme Court term that begins Monday will be dominated by cases concerning corporations, compensation and the financial markets that could signal the justices' attitude toward regulatory constraints at a time of extraordinary government intervention in the economy.

The justices' decisions will be closely watched at a time when, constitutional scholars say, Obama administration initiatives are generating fundamental questions about the structure and limits of government power that will, in short order, reach the court.

We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters@theatlantic.com.