Fans of scapegoating can applaud the SEC's assault on Angelo Mozilo, the former CEO of Countrywide Funding. My guess is that Mozilo, like many mortgage industry executives, was conflicted during the late stages of the housing bubble. On the one hand, they knew that lowering lending standards was imprudent. On the other hand, the loans were performing too well to justify reversing course.
I can make a plausible case that Mozilo would be raising red flags internally while reporting positive results externally, and yet he was honest in both contexts. It was true that what lenders were doing was imprudent by traditional standards, and it was also true that--until 2007--it was working out pretty well for them.
we know that Mozilo and others would have done better to take a firm
stand against high-risk lending. But if we are going to use hindsight
to put people on trial for their errors of judgment, then just about
every policymaker and every financial executive deserves to be indicted.