In Corinne Hoex’s Gentlemen Callers, sex is a dream. The book’s protagonist floats between abstract, ethereal trysts. When she visits a gas-station attendant in her sleep, she is a soapy sponge in his hands. Caressed by a pet groomer, she purrs; she’s his cat. Her liaisons are absurd and illicit—yet, crucially, never dangerous. Gentlemen Callers is not a classic romance novel or a straightforward bodice ripper, Zoë Hu points out. But it shares a similar affection for unrestraint. The novel’s “urgency and fidelity to naive pleasure are, in their own way, political,” Hu writes. “Reading Hoex, one can’t help intuit the meagerness of our culture’s erotic imagination.”
A subversive romance is a great antidote to that stunted imagination. W. E. B. Du Bois also knew the genre’s gifts. His overlooked novel, Dark Princess, tells the love story of a Black ex–medical student and an Indian unionist princess, both members of an international coalition against white imperialism. At times, Du Bois leans into melodrama, but the syrupy bits are important; they suffuse this narrative of revolution and solidarity with joyful optimism, the kind that realist literature rarely allows. Octavia E. Butler’s Fledgling also finds freedom in fantasy. The science-fiction novel is not interested in conventional romance; the consent dynamics between a Black vampire and the white man she feeds on are complex and unsettling. They also make space for a new vision of how we can navigate power, desire, and mutual dependence in our intimate relationships and larger communities.
The romance genre’s oldest clichés can become modern tools for liberating readers’ thoughts, erotic or otherwise. In 1907, Elinor Glyn published Three Weeks, a mass-market novel about an obsessive affair. Though loaded with sexual innuendo, the book was not simply salacious. By foregrounding a woman’s pleasure and interiority for a mainstream audience, it was radically, wonderfully transgressive.
Jasmine Guillory’s romance novels are eye-opening for the boundaries they celebrate rather than the ones they cross. “The sex scenes are scintillating not just because of the acts they describe, but because of the attention Guillory pays to pacing and communication,” Hannah Giorgis writes. The author imagines a story of love without domination; she frees our minds to do the same.
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What We’re Reading
Salvador Dali / Museo Nacional Reina Sofia / Alamy
“Through these encounters, Hoex’s narrator seems able to perceive the lucid image of her own pleasure, which in real life—surveilled and structured as it is by the male gaze—women rarely get to do.”
📚 The Right to Sex: Feminism in the Twenty-First Century, by Amia Srinivasan
Heritage Images / Getty; Interim Archives / Getty; Sepia Times / Getty; Gabriela Pesqueira / The Atlantic
“I had believed that romance was a breezy daydream on a hot afternoon, but after reading Dark Princess, I realized that the genre could help us see beyond the limits of our reality, opening our minds to fantastic possibilities.”
“[The vampire] Shori’s arc feels especially prescient in this moment, as society continues reeducating itself about boundaries, agency, and the true stakes of living together.”
Illustration by Nícolas Ortega. Source: Jean Honoré Fragonard.
“[Three Weeks] made the case, while the Victorian era and its mores still loomed large in the popular imagination, that women’s sexual desire not only existed—a heretical concept—but burned with an intense heat. … Its power was so great, in fact, that it threatened the patriarchal structures that the 20th century was built on. If women experience desire with a fervor equal to men’s, what else might they also secretly be craving?”
📚 Three Weeks, by Elinor Glyn
Katie Martin / The Atlantic
“For Guillory, romance novels … help soothe the difficulty of existing in a world that is often hostile to women, and to people of color of all genders. They lessen collective and individual burdens, if not by changing others’ conceptions of marginalized people, then at least by providing a welcome distraction from the chaos of everyday life.”