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A Timeline of Paul Manafort’s Career Charting the twisting path of a political operator who helped define the Washington lobbyist. By Karen Yuan

Paul Manafort’s political career has had sharp twists and turns: He created the first political consulting firm in Washington, advised in the inner circle of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, helmed Donald Trump’s presidential campaign, and finally, was indicted last year. In The Atlantic’s March cover story, national correspondent Franklin Foer reports on Manafort’s 40-year political career. If you don’t have time to read the whole thing, this timeline will give you a brief overview.

1977

New to Washington, Manafort manages Roger Stone’s candidacy for chairman of the Young Republicans.

1979

Manafort and Stone commit to managing Neal Acker’s campaign to replace Stone as the head of the Young Republicans. But when Acker refuses to pledge to support Ronald Reagan, Manafort takes over his opponent’s campaign and swings the vote against Acker, 465 to 180.

1980

Manafort creates Black, Manafort, and Stone, the first lobbying firm to also house political consultants (a “double-breasted operation”).

1985

The Philippines dictatorship becomes a client of Black, Manafort and Stone, accelerating the firm’s international business.

1986

Manafort’s firm succeeds in inserting a rule into congressional tax-reform legislation that saves Chrysler-Mitsubishi $58 million and Johnson & Johnson $38 million.

1991

The firm—renamed Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly after Democrat Peter Kelly became a partner—is purchased by the second-largest public affairs agency in the world, Burson-Marsteller.

1995

Manafort leaves his old company to start a new firm, Davis, Manafort and Freedman.

2002

Manafort and Abdul Rahman Al Assir, an arms dealer, persuade a Portuguese private bank to invest in a failing biometrics firm. Manafort reportedly makes $1.5 million selling shares of the firm before it collapses. The deal aids in crashing the bank.

2004

Financier Nathaniel Philip Victor James Rothschild and Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska hire Manafort to help them mitigate the dangers Ukraine’s political crisis poses to their finances.

2004-2005

The Orange Revolution unfolds in Ukraine. Pro-Russian politician Viktor Yanukovych initially seems to win Ukraine’s presidential election, but is ultimately defeated after popular protests force a re-run of the election.

2005

Manafort proposes Deripaska finance an effort to aid Russian President Vladimir Putin’s government by influencing politics, business dealings, and media in the United States and Europe.

2006

With Manafort’s help Yanukovych and his pro-Russian party win a large number of seats in Ukraine’s parliament, beginning the politician’s rehabilitation after his disgrace during the Orange Revolution.

2007

Manafort persuades Deripaska to commit $100 million to his new private-equity firm Pericles. He plans to raise $200 million to fund investments in Ukraine and Russia.

2008

The global financial crisis unfolds, eventually gutting Deripaska’s net worth. He asks Manafort to repay an $18.9 million investment in Pericles intended for the purchase of Chorne More, a Ukrainian telecommunications firm. Manafort’s apparent failure to return the money results in a lawsuit.

2010

Yanukovych wins the Ukrainian presidency with Manafort as his chief political strategist.

2011

Manafort stops responding to Deripaska’s requests for reimbursement.

2014

Yanukovych is ousted and flees to Russia. An FBI investigation into Yanukovych’s finances comes to include Manafort’s dealings, too. Manafort allegedly starts taking out loans against his real estate holdings, according to the indictment against him, some on on the basis of false information supplied to banks.

A few months later, Manafort’s family discovers his affair with a woman more than 30 years younger than him.

2015

Deripaska’s lawyers file a court motion to gain access to more information on Manafort’s Chorne More deal, which they argue in court never was never completed. Manafort, in the middle of an emotional breakdown, enters a psychiatric clinic in Arizona.

2016

During the presidential election, Manafort, released from the clinic, returns to Washington and contacts Donald Trump. He officially joins the Trump campaign in March.

Manafort is present when a Russian lobbyist meets with Donald Trump Jr. that summer, reportedly to discuss incriminating details on Hillary Clinton.

2017

After an investigation by FBI Special Counsel Robert Mueller, Manafort is indicted. The allegations include laundering money, making false statements, and failing to register as an agent of a foreign power.

Next story: How Paul Manafort Influenced the Media →