Perusing the metaphorical tomes of modern civilization, we can already speak to some of the Great Questions—the ones that might define our era. “How do we balance security and liberty?” captivates our public discussions. Scientists struggle to resolve “Is light a wave or a particle?”
Yet one question mesmerizes us above all the rest. It can never truly be solved, we must admit. Our best epistemological hope is to resolve it from year-to-year. It is, of course:
What time is the Super Bowl?
But how did this enigma come to dominate our era? The history—only now becoming visible—is as follows.
On February 5, 2011—Super Bowl Saturday—Craig Kanalley noticed that a set of queries were peaking on Google Trends. They were all along the same lines: “what time is the super bowl 2011,” “superbowl time” and “superbowl kickoff time 2011.”
Kanalley worked at the Huffington Post. His title was Trends and Traffic Editor. In those proto-social days, one of Kanalley’s jobs was to watch Google Trends and identify what people were searching for. He then leveraged that information by writing stories about those topics—stories designed to appear near the top of Google’s search results for those popular queries.
He was one of many online writers that year furiously playing the search engine optimization (SEO) game, trying to answer the questions that people were googling about, and, in doing so, getting articles to the top of Google’s major result pages. Hit the Google Jackpot—land a top placement on a result page—and users flooded your page, so many users they sloshed into the rest of the site.
HuffPo, Time, and the Washington Post all got good at this game, running operations to arbitrage Google’s at-that-time extensive trend data. The operation didn’t exclusively concern itself with traffic, though: By writing about what people were searching for, you were writing about what they were thinking and wondering, too. You could glimpse the web’s conversations taking place.
“It was a different world back then,” Kanalley told me when we talked on Thursday. “I almost think it was a trend in itself, of covering trends.”
“What Time Does the Superbowl Start?” (henceforth abbreviated as WTDSS) came out of a beat of sorts, for Kanalley.
“I don’t think it was assigned to me,” he said.
So when he wrote it, he had a twofold task. He couched his post as much about the popularity of the search term as about the event’s time itself. But, critically, he also misspelled his first couple of mentions of the Super Bowl. Instead, he spelled it the way that harried Googlers spell it. Super Bowl became one word, Superbowl.
His post, now accessible only through the Internet Archive, began as such:
Are you wondering, "what time does the Superbowl start?"
It's a common search query, as is "what time is the super bowl 2011," "superbowl time" and "superbowl kickoff time 2011," according to Google Trends the evening before the Super Bowl.
It's easily answered too. Super Bowl 2011 will take place on Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011, at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time and 3:30 p.m. Pacific Time.
It seems to have read like that through Super Bowl Sunday and the week that followed. By March, the story had been shortened, losing its newsy preamble. Some unknown editor reduced the passage above to:
This story has been edited for greater clarity.
Super Bowl 2011 takes place on Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011, at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time and 3:30 p.m. Pacific Time.
But the editing came after the great triumph. Kanalley’s post, by all reports, did very, very, very well.
The post became famous. By the next year, 2012, copycats were hot on HuffPo’s trail—including legacy institutions like the Los Angeles Times. The Times, too, took a tack similar to Kanalley, pegging the factlet of the event’s time to the popularity of the Google result.
HuffPo, meanwhile, adjusted its strategy, creating an omnibus story with information about the Super Bowl. The site hides previous Time of the Super Bowl coverage behind its most current version, but the 2013 version of this story—“What Time Is The Super Bowl?: 2013's Game Start Time And More About Big Event”—is still online.
But the WTDSS backlash had begun as well. Barry Petchesky, a Deadspin writer, called Kanalley’s post “the most legendary act of SEO trolling ever.” Gawker introduced a new phrasing in a piece titled—What Time Is the Superbowl?—then failed to answer its own question.
Yet all these news organizations’ attempts at temporal dominance failed. They were defeated, in fact, by the entity that made the Bowl Super in the first place. In 2012, the NFL posted a sparse page to its website titled “What time is Super Bowl 46?”. The NFL “won” the year, appearing at the top of Google’s results.
In 2013, fewer news organizations got into the WTDSS game. Petchesky, returning to the topic, found only “obscure” news organizations when he googled. He mused that WTDSS had become a “lost art.”
At Slate, meanwhile, technology writer Will Oremus offered a reason why. Oremus argued that Google itself had killed the WTDSS hustle. Search “what time does the superbowl start,” he said, and Google informs you of the answer without sending you to another site, just as it would inform you of the weather or the score of a game in progress. Siri does the same.