It began like this:
I CELEBRATE myself,— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) December 5, 2013
And what I assume you shall assume,— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) December 5, 2013
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) December 5, 2013
Those are the first lines of Whitman's 1855 Leaves of Grass, now being tweeted in its entirety under the handle @TweetsOfGrass for the fifth time. Each iteration—each reading, if you will—occurs tweet by tweet, a few tweets a day. One complete round takes about six months.
It may seem odd to revive a book-length poem in a medium famous for its brevity, but the combination has proved a salubrious one, bringing out something special about Whitman and Twitter both.
Since the account first began tweeting the poem in 2011, it has accumulated more than 11,000 followers, people who like just a bit of poetry thrown in among the daily Twitter melee. There are high school teachers, academics, poets, and, not to be forgotten, strong contingents of Lana Del Rey and John Green fans as well. "I get followed by so many Lana fans it's hilarious," @TweetsOfGrass told me over Twitter's direct message feature. (Del Rey references Whitman extensively in her lyrics; the plot of Green's novel Paper Towns turns on a highlighted copy of Leaves of Grass.)
Certain parts play predictably well with different Twitter crowds. "People like the sexy bits. There's a gay following for sure. But there's a Christian following too that likes the eternal life stuff," s/he added. In our conversation, @TweetsOfGrass would not reveal his/her identity, nor his/her gender, requesting that I use the conventions "s/he" and "his/her".
@TweetsOfGrass says that part of the motivation for tweeting the whole poem is that people tend to tweet Whitman in tiny snippets, without any sense of their place in the larger work. "I thought this would be a good way to introduce some of those people to the whole poem, the full context, parts they might not know about, or even parts that might make them uncomfortable." @TweetsOfGrass does not approve of people who tweet "the cheesiest stuff" out of context. "Twitter quoters are the worst," s/he says.
At a basic, mechanical level, one reason that Whitman works well on Twitter is the fact that most of Whitman's lines fit into Twitter's 140-character limit. "It turns out Twitter is perfect for Whitman's line breaks," @TweetsOfGrass told me. Compared with Allen Ginsberg's Howl, another long poem currently being tweeted serially, @TweetsOfGrass believes that Twitter works better for Whitman. "Whitman's lines are shorter," s/he says, by way of explanation. Howl's lines often get broken up awkwardly across a few tweets.
In substance too, Leaves of Grass has some overlap with Twitter. @TweetsOfGrass says that in tweeting the poem s/he's realized how journalistic Whitman was. "He creates little scenes, almost like ledes or headlines or little cinematic flashes," s/he said. "Sometimes these expand into whole action sequences."
But, of course, Whitman doesn't exactly blend right in. Though some of his passages may be journalistic, and they may break down into the right lengths, Whitman's words glow a bit brighter than your standard tweets.
Here is his telling of an 1836 massacre in Texas, which he leads with a hook about the more familiar Alamo battle:
I tell not the fall of Alamo . . . . not one escaped to tell the fall of Alamo,— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) May 21, 2013
The hundred and fifty are dumb yet at Alamo.— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) May 21, 2013
Hear now the tale of a jetblack sunrise,— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) May 22, 2013
Hear of the murder in cold blood of four hundred and twelve young men.— Walt Whitman (@TweetsOfGrass) May 22, 2013
Not your standard Twitter fare. But for those following @TweetsOfGrass, that's exactly the point.