One Way to Create American Jobs: Fix Our 5 Million Tons of Out-of-Use Electronics

We're not only letting 75 percent of our old electronics go to waste, we're also wasting an opportunity to rebuild the domestic electronics industry.

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Despite increases in recycling worldwide, the EPA estimates that only about 25 percent of America's end-of-life electronics are actually recycled. Whether tossed in a landfill or left in a closet, the rest becomes waste. We tend to think of e-waste as only affecting people half a world away, in places like Accra and Guiyu. But irresponsible electronic disposal hits much closer to home than you might think. We're not just letting 75 percent of our old electronics go to waste, we're also wasting an opportunity to rebuild the domestic electronics industry.

Even though the electronics manufacturing jobs are today primarily in Asia, there's no reason repair and recycling can't become a true-blooded American industry. There are currently 5 million tons of electronics rusting in garages, junk drawers, and storage units around the nation. Instead of losing value, those items could be turned into profit. Ten years ago, the EPA estimated that the recycling and reuse industry accounted for roughly 1.1 million jobs and $236 billion dollars in revenue. If recycling and refurbishing rates in America increase, those numbers could rise dramatically.

At least one large electronics manufacturer has already found a way to responsibly handle its e-waste and create much-needed jobs in the bargain. Through a partnership with Goodwill called Reconnect, Dell collects 90 million pounds of electronics each year.

The Dell-Goodwill partnership

Nine years ago, back when voluntary takeback programs were just starting to gather steam, Dell executives wanted a more organized solution for their products' end-of-life. When they discussed the idea in their community, they discovered that the local Goodwill had many of the same concerns: lots of electronics end up at Goodwill, and the stores wanted a plan for the electronics they couldn't fix or sell.

When Dell polled their customers, they found out that 80 percent of those who recycled electronics already dropped them off at non-profits like Goodwill. So Dell and Goodwill partnered up. They launched their takeback program, Reconnect, in a single store -- the Goodwill of Central Texas. By 2008, Reconnect had expanded to nine states and 955 drop-off locations. Today, Dell has partnerships with 115 of the 165 independently operated Goodwill organizations around the country.

According to Dell Reconnect director Mike Watson, about a third of these locations are refurbishing or repairing some of the computers they receive. The prototype program created 250 green jobs, and they expect that number to grow dramatically. Workers in the program receive extensive training in how to destroy data, and they closely follow online safety datasheets. Most of the devices that cannot be repaired or refurbished -- sometimes home computers sit unused for 15 years before donation -- are recycled.

Presented by

Kyle Wiens is the CEO of iFixit, the free repair manual. He writes and speaks regularly repair, e-waste, and informal economies.  More

He is also the founder of Dozuki, a software company that helps manufacturers publish online technical documentation. He has testified on electronics reuse before International Trade Commission and is actively involved in developing global environmental standards. Kyle's writing has been published in Wired, the Harvard Business Review, and the Wall Street Journal. He has appeared on radio and television networks including MSNBC, the BBC, CBC, and NPR. 

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