Can a Pacific Island Nation Use Old Industrial Law to Stop Climate Change?

More

The tiny Pacific island nation of Palau is a paradise on earth. This band of several hundred islands is home to some of the world's most stunning marine life, and to the twenty thousand people who live there.

Palau-Infographic-v2.pngBut like many low-lying nations across the world, Palau is threatened by the effects of climate change and sea-level rise. Palau's coasts are being eroded, its local farmlands tainted by seawater, and its valuable reefs threatened. Johnson Toribiong, President of Palau, calls the damage he's witnessing "a slow-moving tsunami."

But Palau isn't resigning itself to a doomsday fate. Palau has crafted a novel legal strategy at the United Nations to try to hold the industrialized world accountable for the damage caused by greenhouse gas emissions, which most scientists say are driving climate change.

Could this David vs. Goliath strategy actually work? Need to Know went to Palau to investigate. Here's our video report:

Watch Paradise lost? on PBS. See more from Need To Know.

As Palau's legal initiative at the United Nations gained momentum, the United States emerged as its biggest critic. We were told the U.S. has exerted considerable diplomatic pressure on Palau and some of its allies to drop the initiative.

In a memo, circulated at the U.N. a few months ago, the U.S. argues that while it shares many of Palau's goals with regards to climate change, the U.S. believes Palau's legal initiative could have a "negative effect" on other longstanding international climate change negotiations, like the ones recently held in Durban, South Africa.

Palau's Ambassador to the United Nations, Stuart Beck, strongly disagrees. He says international negotiations haven't done nearly enough to tackle climate change, calling the process "feckless."="#1">

"If the current process had a clear direction, and a clear focus," Beck said, "then I could guarantee you we would not be messing with it because it would already be mitigating climate change."

Despite the current diplomatic struggle between the U.S. and Palau, the two countries actually share a long and deep relationship. Palau was the site of major battles between the United States and Japan during World War II, and wreckage from that war can still be found scattered all over the islands. After the war, the U.S. was granted control of Palau, but later supported its independence and helped craft the Palauan constitution.

Those close ties remain today: Palauan kids are taught English in school, and the U.S. dollar is the official currency. In exchange for the exclusive right to potentially put military bases on the islands, the U.S. gives Palau millions of dollars in financial support. Palau's citizens can join the U.S. military, and have fought and died in Iraq and Afghanistan. Palau also votes in near synch with the U.S. at the United Nations, including votes in support of Israel where the U.S. often has few other allies. Several years ago, Palau was one of the only nations in the world to agree to take in several freed prisoners from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.



3043.jpgThis story was produced by PBS Need to Know as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.

Jump to comments
Presented by

The Climate Desk is a journalistic collaboration between The Atlantic, Mother Jones, Slate, and others, dedicated to exploring the impact—human, environmental, economic, political—of a changing climate. Learn more at theclimatedesk.org.

Get Today's Top Stories in Your Inbox (preview)

Social Security: The Greatest Government Policy of All Time?

It's the most effective anti-poverty program in U.S. history. So why do some people hate it?


Elsewhere on the web

Join the Discussion

After you comment, click Post. If you’re not already logged in you will be asked to log in or register. blog comments powered by Disqus

Video

Adventures in Legal Weed

Colorado is now well into its first year as the first state to legalize recreational marijuana. How's it going? James Hamblin visits Aspen.

Video

What Makes a Story Great?

The storytellers behind House of CardsandThis American Life reflect on the creative process.

Video

Tracing Sriracha's Origin to Thailand

Ever wonder how the wildly popular hot sauce got its name? It all started in Si Racha.

Video

Where Confiscated Wildlife Ends Up

A government facility outside of Denver houses more than a million products of the illegal wildlife trade, from tigers and bears to bald eagles.

Video

Is Wine Healthy?

James Hamblin prepares to impress his date with knowledge about the health benefits of wine.

Video

The World's Largest Balloon Festival

Nine days, more than 700 balloons, and a whole lot of hot air

Writers

Up
Down

More in Technology

Just In