Alaska Company Plans to Ship Small Town's Extra Water to India

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A tiny company has a big plan to ship billions of gallons of water from Sitka, a town of 8,500 located on Baranof Island off the southeast coast of Alaska, to a port south of Mumbai on India's west coast. 

Alaska Resource Management was formed by S2C Global Systems and True Alaska Bottling, which holds the right to 2.9 billion gallons a year of water from Sitka's Blue Lake Reservoir for a penny per gallon. An S2C press release claims that the joint partnership will be distributing water in India within six to eight months. The water will move from Blue Lake Reservoir through an already-complete pipeline to the True Alaska facility in Sitka. From there, it will be loaded onto Suezmax vessels capable of holding 41 million gallons of liquids. After being transloaded into holding tanks, the water will be distributed in office-cooler sized bottles. 

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The development was first reported by Circle of Blue, a journalistic outfit covering global water issues affiliated with the Pacific Institute, a non-profit thinktank.

If it comes to fruition, the business will fulfill the prognostications of some water experts that H20 will be globally traded like another valuable liquid, crude. 

"Like so many other commodities, water is going global. A number of recent news articles have described water as "blue gold" and the "the oil of the 21st Century". Entrepreneurs are responding to supply and demand imbalance by seeking ways to transport water from countries and regions with plentiful amounts to areas in short supply," wrote Terry Anderson and Clay Landry of what is now known as the Property and Environment Research Center way back in 1999. "John Hayward, a water expert for the World Bank, commented that 'water will be moved around the world as oil is now.'"

But the bulk water export market has yet to come together. Shipping water has not proven to be a big moneymaker, and there are substantial upfront costs in shipping a relatively low-value liquid. Circle of Blue's Brett Walton summarized the problems with similar schemes nicely: "Past attempts have been thwarted by daunting logistics, concerns about natural resource sovereignty and commodification as well as the availability of cheaper local sources."

There are other reasons to be skeptical of this particular attempt, too. S2C Global, despite its name, is a penny stock that's bounced from business to business. 

"We were formed as a Nevada corporation on March 19, 2001; originally under the name of Sun Vacation Club, Inc.; on November 21, 2002 the name was changed to United Athletes, Inc." the company wrote in its most recent annual report to the SEC. "On February 8, 2005, after a reverse merger with S2C Global Systems, Inc. (a private British Columbia, Canada corporation) we changed our name to S2C Global Systems, Inc. with the intent to focus on developing, marketing, and distributing "supplier to consumer" technologies related to water that reduced the cost and carbon footprint of water distribution." S2C admits that "to date the company has little or no revenues."

True Alaska Bottling has had trouble of its own. TAB floundered in its previous water bottling business and ended up thousands of dollars in arrears to the city of Sitka

Whether or not this particular deal for bulk water export yields results, it's worth keeping an eye on this space. The consequences of a world in which water was as mobile as oil could be large. 

"Proposals to export water supplies out of their natural basins have sparked fierce political resistance in some parts of the globe. The Great Lakes region of the U.S. Midwest established laws and regulations over the last decade that sought to ban the practice," wrote Circle of Blue's Walton. "Moreover, reliance on imports could perpetuate water-wasting practices in dry regions. And the capacity of wealthier regions to afford their water in five-liter containers could widen the economic and quality of life gulf between rich and poor countries."


Images: 1. Sitka's Blue Lake Reservoir. Credit: thedamian/flickr 2. Alaska Resource Management's plan. Credit: Aubrey Parker/Circle of Blue


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Alexis C. Madrigal

Alexis Madrigal is the deputy editor of TheAtlantic.com. He's the author of Powering the Dream: The History and Promise of Green Technology. More

The New York Observer has called Madrigal "for all intents and purposes, the perfect modern reporter." He co-founded Longshot magazine, a high-speed media experiment that garnered attention from The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and the BBC. While at Wired.com, he built Wired Science into one of the most popular blogs in the world. The site was nominated for best magazine blog by the MPA and best science website in the 2009 Webby Awards. He also co-founded Haiti ReWired, a groundbreaking community dedicated to the discussion of technology, infrastructure, and the future of Haiti.

He's spoken at Stanford, CalTech, Berkeley, SXSW, E3, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and his writing was anthologized in Best Technology Writing 2010 (Yale University Press).

Madrigal is a visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley's Office for the History of Science and Technology. Born in Mexico City, he grew up in the exurbs north of Portland, Oregon, and now lives in Oakland.

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