Phonetics & politics

As previously noted, foreign names and nouns often suffer badly in the transition into Chinese characters, mainly because Chinese phonetics has no way of rendering a number of sounds common in English and other Western languages. For instance: no good way to render a string of two or three consonants in a row, like the str sound that begins "string" or nds that ends "ends."  Details another time.

As a result, it can a real cryptic/rebus type challenge to figure out what foreign name a Chinese translation is meant to represent. During Olympic basketball games, Kaiwen Jianeite was the local name for Kevin Garnett.

But some foreign names work just fine. For instance, one made exclusively of simple vowel or consonant-vowel sequences. The three Chinese characters 奥巴马 very nicely and naturally spell out the sequence O BA MA.  (The O usually rendered AO, but close enough; it also was used as the first syllable of Olympics.) Thus, from a local Beijing expat booster:
 

Perhaps it helps that "Obama" is not itself originally a Western name? "McCain" is a little more of a challenge, rendered in characters 麦凯恩, or MAI KAI EN. I think of the first character, which literally has to do with grains, as homage to Scotland, since it's also the beginning of McDonald's in Chinese: 麦当劳, MAI DANG LAO.

Have seen a number of Happy Meal-themed 麦当劳 apparel on the street during my time in China. Nothing yet with GOP-themed 麦凯恩. And I'm still waiting to see an Olympic/election hybred-themed shirt saying something like 奥巴马 加油!*
_____
 *The story of 加油, "Let's go!" also explained here.

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James Fallows is a national correspondent for The Atlantic and has written for the magazine since the late 1970s. He has reported extensively from outside the United States and once worked as President Carter's chief speechwriter. His latest book is China Airborne. More

James Fallows is based in Washington as a national correspondent for The Atlantic. He has worked for the magazine for nearly 30 years and in that time has also lived in Seattle, Berkeley, Austin, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Shanghai, and Beijing. He was raised in Redlands, California, received his undergraduate degree in American history and literature from Harvard, and received a graduate degree in economics from Oxford as a Rhodes scholar. In addition to working for The Atlantic, he has spent two years as chief White House speechwriter for Jimmy Carter, two years as the editor of US News & World Report, and six months as a program designer at Microsoft. He is an instrument-rated private pilot. He is also now the chair in U.S. media at the U.S. Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, in Australia.

Fallows has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award five times and has won once; he has also won the American Book Award for nonfiction and a N.Y. Emmy award for the documentary series Doing Business in China. He was the founding chairman of the New America Foundation. His recent books Blind Into Baghdad (2006) and Postcards From Tomorrow Square (2009) are based on his writings for The Atlantic. His latest book is China Airborne. He is married to Deborah Fallows, author of the recent book Dreaming in Chinese. They have two married sons.

Fallows welcomes and frequently quotes from reader mail sent via the "Email" button below. Unless you specify otherwise, we consider any incoming mail available for possible quotation -- but not with the sender's real name unless you explicitly state that it may be used. If you are wondering why Fallows does not use a "Comments" field below his posts, please see previous explanations here and here.

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