Yesterday morning, news broke that the cover of the May 6th issue of Sports Illustrated will feature a picture of NBA player Jason Collins beaming at the camera alongside a headline that reads, "The Gay Athlete." In the issue, Collins penned a piece with sports writer Frank Lidz that begins, "I'm a 34-year-old NBA center. I'm black. And I'm gay." As Jon Wertheim, executive editor of SI, wrote in a post about the interview, "Collins becomes the first active male athlete in a major U. S. team sport to come out of the closet. Yes, that's a lot of qualifiers."
The qualifiers are necessary. John Amaechi and Wade Davis first spoke openly about their sexuality after retiring. Megan Rapinoe, a star U.S. women's soccer player, acknowledged last summer that she was gay. Martina Navratilova and Billie Jean King both played professional tennis while out. Sheryl Swoopes, the first woman to get her own Nike shoe named after her, came out in 2005, while still playing for the Houston Comets.
And less than two weeks ago, one of the most prominent female basketball players in recent years, 6-foot 8-inch Brittney Griner, casually mentioned that she was gay in an interview with Sports Illustrated. "I've always been open about who I am and my sexuality," Griner said, "So it wasn't hard at all" for her to talk publicly about it. She had just been drafted #1 overall in the WNBA draft and was discussing sexuality and sports in a joint interview with Elena Delle Donne and Skylar Diggins, the number 2 and number 3 draftees respectively. Delle Donne, when asked how she would feel sharing a locker room with an openly gay player like Griner, responded, "In our sport [women's basketball], we're fine with it...Hopefully the men can one day adopt that same attitude that we have."
The response to Griner was, as the New York Times put it, a collective shrug in the sports world. Not so much with Collins.
Word spread fast through social media and within an hour, there were supportive tweets from fellow NBA players Kobe Bryant, Baron Davis, Steve Nash, and John Amaechi. Martina Navratilova, Billie Jean King, Chelsea Clinton, Bill Clinton, Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson, Spike Lee, and Michael Strahan took to Twitter to offer their support and congratulations to Collins. Doc Rivers, the coach of the Boston Celtics (for whom Collins played part of this last season), had an extensive interview with Sports Illustrated today in which he said, "It's funny, in some ways I'm happy for Jason. I can't imagine trying to be something, and then try to be something else. I'm happy for him." The commissioner of the NBA, David Stern, quickly released a statement saying, "Jason has been a widely respected player and teammate throughout his career and we are proud he has assumed the leadership mantle on this very important issue."
So why the big difference between the two responses? Why did Griner get a shrug but Collins received a deluge of support? Only five days ago, Wesley Morris wrote a piece at Grantland titled, "Brittney Griner and the Quiet Queering of Professional Sports." In it, he posits that "one reason her anti-announcement announcement wasn't a bigger deal to the media was because it wasn't a big deal to her." He characterized the interview with Griner as "amazing for its utter whateverness." For Morris, Griner is an indication of where our narratives about gay athletes are heading, echoing something David Stern told the New York Times earlier this month: "It's our fervent hope that this draws less attention, not more, when a player eventually comes out." The idea, then, is to get to the point where all discussions of players being gay are placed in the "utter whateverness" category. It is Stern's hope and Morris' belief that eventually Griner's style of "coming out"—a video released on SI's website and a part of a larger discussion—will be the norm and Collins' cover story will be a relic of the past.
And yet, there is something else going on here with the discrepancy between the response to Griner and Collins' revelations, one that is more sinister than it appears. There is an argument that because of Sheryl Swoopes and current out WNBA players like Seimone Augustus, people who are fans of the WNBA are just used to players being out. Certainly that is true. Eleven years ago, though, when Sue Wicks became the first active professional basketball player to publicly state that she was gay, the response was very similar to Griner now. The New York Times piece about it was titled, "Wicks's Statement Stirs Little Reaction." Sheryl Swoopes garnered more attention because she had a bigger name, but she didn't make the cover of a major sports magazine. There are multiple reasons that in the decade between Wicks and Griner, little has changed.
There are two intertwining beliefs that feed each other: that most women in professional sports are lesbians (the only "proof" you need is that they are engaging in "manly" pursuits like playing sports) and that it is easier, therefore, for women to be open about being gay. But part of why it is "easier" and what allows for Griner's anti-announcement is a form of misogyny itself. Trudy Hamilton, writer and culture critic at Gradient Lair, argues that we accept lesbians more readily in our society on a popular level because "lesbians exist to 'perform' for men, not as independent humans in their own relationships with their own meaningful lives." While it is getting easier to find well-round portrayals of lesbian couples in our culture, most lesbian sexuality in advertising, movies, and TV is portrayed as "hot" or we see or hear about a heterosexual man's "lesbian fantasy." Lesbian sexuality, like almost all female sexuality, falls on the spectrum of "acceptable sexuality" because it turns on heterosexual men. Gay men like Jason Collins rarely have a place on that spectrum. They are, in fact, threatening. And so when a woman announces that she is gay, she only shifts her position on the spectrum. When Jason Collins admitted that he was gay, he fell right off.