Obama Isn't FDR's Second Coming

By Megan McArdle
One could be forgiven, this election cycle, for wondering if one hadn't stumbled into a giant convention of New Deal re-enactors.  Two years ago, Democrats were talking non-stop about the New Deal; now people are praising his FDR-like qualities.  Did previous generations of Americans spend this much time seeking to reincarnate the political battles of eighty years before?

The Civil War generation citing the Founding Fathers, maybe.  But it's hard to think of a case since.  Wouldn't FDR have been a little embarrassed if people were comparing him to James Buchanan or Martin Van Buren?

Not to rain on anyone's parade, but if FDR were here, with his get-tough demeanor and his populist fervor, there's every chance that today he'd be losing big majorities in the House, and desperately trying to explain away the political debacle of his administration.  

FDR took office basically as the financial crisis was bottoming out.  That's not to take away from the good things he did, like propping up the banking system.  But all crises bottom eventually, even if the government's not very effective; it takes Mugabe-style mismanagement, of which Hoover was not guilty, to keep forcing the economy downward for decades at a time.  By the time FDR took office, industrial production had fallen by a third.  It was not actually going to keep declining until no one produced anything and we were all eating rocks.

It's also worth noting that while FDR did some very good things, he also spent the early days doing a bunch of crazy things that were at best useless, like trying to manipulate the gold markets, and at worst extremely counterproductive, like cartelizing every business interaction above the level of a child's lemonade stand.  Had he been here now, he might have tried similar stunts, which would then have been associated with the continued decline of the US economy, putting Democrats--and progressive ideas--in an even worse light.

Obviously, these counterfactuals are sort of silly; if FDR were here, he would be very different in many ways.  But so is complaining that Obama's speeches, or his politics, or his political will, are not sufficiently FDR-like.  FDR lived in a different era.  His speeches come across so well today precisely because they were designed largely to be read; Obama is making speeches for an era when most people get their news from television, and so naturally, his speeches read flat and uninteresting.  FDR's speech delivery, by contrast, was surprisingly poor for an audience used to taking in most of its news in audio or video.

Similarly, FDR presided over an era when the procedural rules hemming in the president were much weaker; when he could make policy largely by getting a few powerful men in the House and Senate on his side; when the starting tax burden was much lower, giving him more room to spend; and when a financial crisis had so thoroughly damaged his political opposition that it would be nearly 20 years before they regained power.  The main thing that Obama is missing is not rhetorical prowess, nor steely populist will.

This article available online at:

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2010/09/obama-isnt-fdrs-second-coming/62590/