Today in One Paragraph

After last week’s recapture of drug kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, Mexican officials say it could take at least a year to extradite him to the United States. Meanwhile, in the U.S., Supreme Court justices appear to be split on whether mandatory union fees violate the First Amendment. Maryland’s second-highest court postponed the trial of Baltimore police officer Caesar Goodson Jr., the second of six officers charged in the death of Freddie Gray. And five staffers at a pro-Carson super PAC resigned.

Top News

Extradition Complications. The Mexican government has begun processing two extradition requests to transfer Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman to the US., but the process to do so will “likely take at least a year.” The Mexican government denied U.S. extradition requests after El Chapo’s February 2014 arrest. (Laura Wagner, NPR)

A Threat to Unions. During oral arguments in Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association Monday morning, the Supreme Court justices were “divided along familiar lines,” which may result in a possible setback for unions. The central question of the case: Whether the requirement to pay union fees, or else affirmatively opt out of its services, violates the First Amendment. (Adam Liptak, The New York Times)

Postponed. The trial of Baltimore police officer Caesar Goodson Jr., who is accused of second-degree depraved heart murder in the case of Freddie Gray, has been delayed until the court determines whether Officer William Porter, also charged in Gray’s case, has to testify at Goodson’s trial. (Justin Fenton, The Baltimore Sun)

Defections. Five staffers at the pro-Carson super PAC’s New Hampshire arm jumped ship to support Ted Cruz. “This is a man we revere,” one of the former staffers said, “but we think it is important that our party nominate a conservative and get behind a single conservative who can win.” This is just the latest hit for Carson, whose support has been declining nationally. (Jose A. DelReal, The Washington Post)

Tomorrow in One Paragraph: President Obama delivers his final State of the Union address. Ted Cruz is skipping the State of the Union to campaign in New Hampshire. Chris Christie delivers the State of the State address in New Jersey. Hillary Clinton will make stops in Detroit and Iowa. And Donald Trump and Jeb Bush will both be in Iowa.

Top Read:

“The fraud worked, according to investigators and fraud experts, because it took advantage of Medicare’s key vulnerability: the government’s trust of doctors who submit bills to the program. When doctors and others file claims to Medicare, the program most often pays the bill without asking questions.” Pacific Standard’s Joe Eaton on the challenges the government is facing to stop Medicare fraud.

Top Lines

Bad for Business. Donald Trump may be up in the polls, but data shows that “among the people Trump’s business depends on—the consumer making over $100,000 a year—the value of the Trump name is collapsing.” Why? The mogul’s presidential campaign. (Will Johnson and Michael D’Antonio, Politico Magazine)

Feel the Bern. Bernie Sanders is pointing to new polling arguing that he’s a more electable general-candidate than Hillary Clinton. His claims “should probably be taken with a grain of salt,” but what poll numbers do show is that he’s “gone a long way to closing up the gap” to win the Democratic primary. (David Graham, The Atlantic)

The Right to Die? The legalization of assisted suicide is gaining ground and, in many cases, it’s a personal story fought in the public eye that provokes the question: Is this “the next big civil rights battle?” (Kevin Drum, Mother Jones)

Top Views

Throwback SOTU. Ahead of tomorrow’s State of the Union, take a look back at Obama’s past addresses. (Politico)

New to the North. See how refugees from the Middle East and Africa are navigating life above the Arctic Circle—including seeing snow for the first time and “figuring out how to pray when the sun never rises.” (Meghan Collins Sullivan and Axel Oberg, National Geographic)

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