This article is from the archive of our partner National Journal

Next America provides a regular roundup of stories relevant to the diversifying workforce and the future of jobs. These stories span Oct. 7 to 18.

The Correlation Between Fast Food and Welfare. More than half of the fast-food industry's 3.65 million hourly workers receive public assistance, which costs the federal government $7 billion a year, two reports released this week show.Forbes

Hispanic Businesses Are Big Job Creators in California.
 Hispanic-owned business contribute more than 650,000 jobs and more than $100 billin annually to the California economy. Almost 40 percent of Californians are of Hispanic origin. A recent study shows Latinos own or created 700,000 businesses. La Prensa

Site Matches People to Jobs. New York native Felix Ortiz, 33, of Mexican-Puerto Rican descent, has launched Viridis, an online education company that provides skills-oriented courses for industries such as construction, hospitality, and apparel manufacturing. NBC Latino

The Declining Chance to Make a Living Collecting Cans. Many Bay Area recycling centers are closing--bad news for low-income families who rely on recyclables and seniors who do the same to supplement their incomes. Also, it's a way homeless people can earn up to $50 a day. Take a look at the messy business of recycling, theft, and dumpster diving. Priceonomics

Age Discrimination In Technology? Having a young workforce is about hiring those with the latest skills and has little to do with discrimination. However, at the Big 3 in Silicon Valley, the numbers start a deeper conversation about age in the workplace. Unofficial data says the media staff age at Facebook is 28, 29 at Google and 32 at Apple. Investors

Hispanic Perspectives: Reflecting Multicultural Customers. Georgette Dulworth, Chrysler's director of talent acquisition and global diversity, in a Hispanic perspectives Web series, addresses issues around a multicultural workforce and hiring more Hispanic workers. Chrysler Blog

Entrepreneurial Alternatives to College. The nonprofit organization Enstitute offers two-year apprenticeships to young tech entrepreneurs who seek an alternative to higher education. Says Kane Sarhan, a cofounder: "We get hundreds and hundreds of applications saying, 'You know, college isn't working for me. I can't afford it. It's not the right program for me. This is what I've been looking for.' " Enstitute is appealing to more young people who have an increasing number of options to a four-year degree. PBS Newshour

Memphis Area's Growth Tied to Tech, Greater Minority Involvement. In a continuing series about Memphis-Boon County's regional economic development plan, Tennessee public-policy consultant John Lawrence advocates for greater to invest in innovation. Among the top 20 largest U.S. cities with a population that is 70 percent people of color, minority business is about 1 percent of revenue. The region is 59th in spending on academic research and 57th in patent applications. Smart City Memphis

Up Close and Personal: White House Chef Cristeta Comerford. The government has been closed, but the White House's skeleton kitchen crew of 15 keeps on cooking, led by Cristeta Comerford. A Filipino, she immigrated to the U.S., working in some Chicago area hotel restaurants and more tony D.C.-area spots before joining the White House in 1995. Ten years later, she was named White House executive chef. The Braiser

Coming to Your URL Soon: .career. A new Internet domain — .career — will become an extension next year. Like .job, which has nearly 45,00 extensions, .career will be administered by Employ Media in a partnership with the Society for Human Resource Management. The Fordyce Letter

The Long-Term Impact in the Rise in Part-Time Employment Hurts Millennials. The recession hit the 20- to 24-year-old cohort particularly hard, with nearly a third of those employed having a part-time job. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistic's August report, 17 percent, or 7.6 million, are in that cohort. With the recession ending, the impact may have lifelong impact. Heidi Shierholz of the Economic Policy Institute, says, "If you have one or two decades of low earnings, you're never going to get that back." Handcuffed in paying back student loans, buying cars or homes, saving fore retirement, many Millennials also have little access to early-career training, and hence a tougher time to move up the career ranks. Huffington Post

How a Latina Contractor Overcame Race, Gender Bias. Rosa Martinez, a rare longtime female laborer in the asbestos-removal business, lost her job in the Portland, Ore., area in 2002. She and her husband emptied their savings and sold their vehicles to start PMG Environmental Services. Now two decades into her enterprise, PMG employs 18 full time, 98 percent of whom are Hispanic. Contrary to industry norm, her supervisors are Hispanic. Portland Business Journal

This article is from the archive of our partner National Journal.