Ezra Klein rose to prominence as a progressive. Now he says he's just data-driven. But there's more to policy than that.
There's a lot to admire about Ezra Klein, the Washington Post's star blogger, whose impressive rise from UC Santa Cruz student to Dean of Washington Journalism (a title I am merely first to confer) marks a culmination: the upstart bloggers who forever changed public discourse in the mid-aughts by critiquing it from the outside are now the ascendant players in the establishment press. It is fitting that The New Republic took notice of this change with a loving, gently-mocking Klein profile even as Bob Woodward, our most famous newspaperman, finds his Watergate reporting questioned by a longtime editor, his Bush-era work derided as stenography, and the critique of his most incisive critic echoed by a journalist who, having re-reported an old Woodward book, found that its technical accuracy masked serious errors of analysis.
It is unfortunate, for Klein and Woodward, that they're frequently made to bear the heavy burden of being treated as symbols rather than individuals, but the rising esteem for the former and the increasingly brazen attacks on the latter tell us something interesting about political journalism: a biting critique of old methods has become mainstream, insofar as what Jay Rosen calls The View from Nowhere is now widely acknowledged to have serious shortcomings,* whatever you think of the increasingly diverse media landscape that is fast displacing it.
The View from Nowhere is "a bid for trust that advertises the viewlessness of the news producer," a preemptive defense against accusations of bias, and "an attempt to secure a kind of universal legitimacy that is implicitly denied to those who stake out positions or betray a point of view." Claiming objectivity or viewlessness shouldn't be a source of journalistic authority, Rosen says, partly because everyone is coming from someplace, but also because there are better metrics:
In journalism, real authority starts with reporting. Knowing your stuff, mastering your beat, being right on the facts, digging under the surface of things, calling around to find out what happened, verifying what you heard. "I'm there, you're not, let me tell you about it." Illuminating a murky situation because you understand it better than almost anyone. Doing the work! Having a track record, a reputation for reliability is part of it, too. But that comes from doing the work.
At its best, Wonkblog embodies that kind of journalism. Klein has an impressive work ethic, an ability to consume large amounts of dry, jargon-laden information, and a talent for boiling down complex policy proposals. He understands much of what he covers as well as anyone doing it. And his work exhibits several kinds of integrity: if I discovered a factual error in one of his pieces, he would correct it; he has hired intellectually honest, talented people to contribute to his vertical; and he's taken his outsider vision of what political journalism ought to be and tried to embody it.
I sincerely respect that.
All this praise isn't a buildup to a devastating take-down. On the whole, journalism is lucky to have Klein. I sincerely hope and fully expect that I'll have him to argue with for many years to come. But there is one aspect of his journalism that demands criticism, for it springs from a correctable intellectual mistake, and left unchecked it threatens to undercut his tremendous potential in much the same way that Woodward's faulty analysis has undermined his reportorial talents. It is strange, given Klein's career trajectory, that he of all people should make this mistake.
He is trying to bolster his authority by invoking The View from Nowhere.
In the TNR profile, Julia Ioffe nodded toward that tic by noting that "Klein, who came up through the progressive media and is, according to public records, a registered Democrat, insists on portraying himself as someone driven purely by powerful, un-ideological currents of data." In 2012, Klein told TNR's Alec MacGillis, "At this point in my life, I don't really think of myself as a liberal. That's not the project I'm part of, which is to let the facts take me where they do." As a writer with idiosyncratic policy preferences and an aversion to ideological movements, I'll never demand that Klein self-identify as a movement liberal or progressive. But he is deeply mistaken when he avers that policy can be grounded in no more than currents of data, or that his writerly output is divorced from disputed value judgments and philosophical foundations. As Will Wilkinson once told him, "There's no avoiding the fact that, if you're doing anything with policy at all, you're trying to achieve some goal. If you think that the goal is one that's worth having, you have to have some rational justification for why that's the end that we ought to be aiming at." Following facts where they lead is smart and necessary, but it is not sufficient.
If that all sounds a bit abstract, consider Klein's latest write-up of Paul Ryan's latest, widely and justly criticized budget. There's a lot to be said for Klein's post. For starters, he quickly analyzed a complicated policy proposal and successfully conveyed its most significant particulars. He also correctly pointed out some of the misleading rhetoric that Ryan employs in his proposal, and astutely observed that Ryan is trying to obscure the least popular aspects of his agenda.
The item's weakness is most evident in the paragraph where Klein writes, "It is Ryan's unusual ideology, and not the specific state of our finances, that justifies this budget," as if a federal budget -- a document that allocates scarce societal resources among competing priorities -- could ever just spring from "the specific state of our finances." A budget just is a statement of values, whether implicitly or explicitly. Says Klein of Ryan's allegedly "unusual" ideology, "his view is that the federal government is strangling our community. When the federal government provides health care for the poor and the middle class, it muscles out states, communities and families that might otherwise fill some of the gap. When bureaucrats set up Obamacare's exchanges, they stifle the essential ingenuity of the private sector. When government does too much to provide for individuals, they are robbed of the bracing necessity of providing for themselves."