It's mostly the latter.
One of the ongoing leitmotifs of Washington is the White House press corps feeling manipulated and shut out. I mean those reporters who cover the White House as a full time assignment as opposed to say, TV network anchors or national political reporters, who may swoop into the West Wing for an occasional story. For what's considered one of the plum posts in journalism, it's remarkable how often the White House reporters are in a state of dyspepsia.
This weekend those tensions went public when the press corps learned of the president's golf outing with Tiger Woods through a tweet by a Golf Digest writer who had access to the clubhouse at the Florida country where the president was playing. The White House press office seems to have circumvented the "pool" system whereby members of the White House press corps travel with the president to events and is kept informed of his whereabouts. The head of the White House Correspondents Association, Ed Henry told Politico Monday night: "This is a fight for more access, period... I've heard all kinds of critics saying the White House press corps is whining about a golf game and violating the president's privacy. Nothing could be further from the truth."
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"We're not interested in violating the president's privacy. He's entitled to vacations like everyone else. All we're asking for is a brief exception, quick access, a quick photo-op on the 18th green," Henry continued. "It's not about golf -- it's about transparency and access in a broader sense."
For its part, Politico ran a lengthy article by Mike Allen and Jim VandeHei dubbing Obama a "puppet master" for his manipulation of the press. The two cited a slew of modern techniques that manipulated the press corps, such as denying interviews to top-tier papers like The New York Times and producing massive amounts of content -- photos, stories, and so on -- that budget-strapped outlets might pick up and which would present the president in a positive light. "President Barack Obama is a master at limiting, shaping and manipulating media coverage of himself and his White House," they declared. Is this an affront to the First Amendment or whining? I lean towards the latter.
I come at this from a couple of perspectives. I was a member of the White House Press Corps for U.S. News & World Report and The New Republic in the '90s. I covered the George W. Bush White House for Time and was the managing editor for White House coverage when I first came to National Journal in 2010. For what it's worth, I worked with Jay Carney, the White House press secretary, at Time for almost seven years. He and I switched jobs in 2003. I covered the White House with the indefatigable Mike Allen. I have huge respect for the White House press corps. It's a tough and important job and the folks who do it are smart and dedicated.
That said, it's worth keeping some things in mind.
Each White House is less open than the one before. When I started covering the White House in 1993, the press corps was furious--physical access to the "lower press office" where junior and mid-level press aides sit -- had been restricted. (It was later opened up.) There was elegiac memories of Marlin Fitzwater, George H.W. Bush's press secretary, who was claimed to have been more open as opposed to the Clinton crowd who were said to neither understand nor respect the press corps. When I covered the George W. Bush White House for a couple of years, the press corps nursed fond memories of Clinton's press secretary, Mike McCurry and complaining about Ari Fleischer was commonplace. It's probably worth remembering that the Kennedy Administration, sometimes cited as a golden age of press access, wasn't all that. Would today's press corps want to find itself serving as an intermediary between governments as