How Mitt Romney Learned to Go Negative

After failing to beat Ted Kennedy with a positive strategy in 1994, Romney turned to attacks in his 2002 gubernatorial run -- and he's never looked back.

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As polls show Mitt Romney cruising toward victory in the Florida GOP primary, he can thank a relentless onslaught of attack ads targeting Newt Gingrich for his last-minute surge. Romney has outspent his leading rival by some $12 million.

The former speaker has lashed out at Romney, calling him a liar who can't be trusted to be president. Though his desperation is palpable, Gingrich's outrage is hardly surprising to Massachusetts politicos who've had Romney's machine turned on them. The former Bay State governor used negative attacks to erase a 10-point deficit and win the 2002 governor's race that launched his national political career.

"The tactics they developed in 2002, they've raised to a high art in 2011 -- out-of-context quotes, go negative early," says Shannon O'Brien, the Democratic former state treasurer who Romney defeated that year. "It doesn't matter what the truth is, but if it's effective, do it. That's what we're seeing in this campaign."

In his race against her, Romney extensively used negative ads -- the first of which ran during the Democratic primary -- to erase a 10-point deficit on his way to a 5-point come-from-behind win.

In October 2002, a pro-Romney radio ad aired that excised 74 words from an O'Brien statement so it sounded as though she opposed recruiting large employers to Massachusetts, something Romney backed. After O'Brien complained, Romney pulled the spot, claiming an ad agency goofed. But O'Brien insisted it was intentional, and Romney spokesman Eric Fehrnstrom -- a top aide to his presidential campaign today - defended the splicing of quotes, describing it as "something reporters do every day."

Twice this cycle, Romney has been accused of similar highjinks. At the final Florida debate, Gingrich lashed out at Romney for running a radio ad where he says Gingrich called Spanish "the language of the ghetto." Gingrich said that "was taken totally out of context." Romney said he wasn't aware of the ad. Romney's first campaign ad last fall also misquoted President Obama saying, "If we kept talking about the economy, we're going to lose" -- when Obama had in fact been quoting an aide to his 2008 rival, John McCain. The Romney campaign at the time insisted it did nothing wrong.

Gingrich has also complained the ads against him weren't all true. Last week, Romney's campaign launched "Florida Families," which depicts the former speaker as a Freddie Mac lobbyist, something Gingrich says is false. On Jan. 24, the super PAC released "Risk," attacking Gingrich for co-sponsoring a bill with House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi that supported China's "brutal one-child policy." Gingrich, along with independent sources such as ABC News, have disputed the ad's veracity.

That, too, brings echoes of the 2002 Romney-O'Brien race, during which the Republican ran ads that were factually incorrect. To O'Brien, the nadir was an ad near the end of the race portraying her as a dozing basset hound, rather than an alert watchdog, guarding the Treasury. It was odds with the truth: in fact, O'Brien's Republican predecessor Joe Malone had been the victim of a $9 million embezzlement scandal. (Ironically, Fehrnstrom was a Treasury spokesman under Malone.)

Gingrich isn't an innocent bystander. He and his allies have also run attack ads -- one by the Gingrich-aligned PAC Winning Our Future was pulled after complaints by Florida Republican Sen. Marco Rubio. And Romney points out that many of the attack ads have come from his super PAC, Restore Out Future, with which he legally cannot coordinate.

Presented by

Edward Mason is former statehouse bureau chief for The Eagle-Tribune. He has written for Salon, the Boston Herald, and the Boston Globe

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