Two Craft Points on Obama's Parliament Speech

It was an admirable speech, and so on, but that's not what interests me. Instead let's consider beginnings and endings.

Beginnings. You can usually see the "light" or "droll" touches in speeches like this coming from miles away. Therefore they are usually met with obligatory polite laughter, masking the inner groans. The second and third jokes Obama made at the opening of the speech were from this proud tradition:

Of course, all relationships have their ups and downs.  Admittedly, ours got off on the wrong foot with a small scrape about tea and taxes.  (Laughter.)  There may also have been some hurt feelings when the White House was set on fire during the War of 1812.  (Laughter.)

Hardee-har! When an American President visits the UK, there has to be a "light" remark of this sort about those early "unfortunate misunderstandings" and that time the Brits burned the White House down.

But the first joke he told was genuinely funny, because in the circumstances it was genuinely daring:

I have known few greater honors than the opportunity to address the Mother of Parliaments at Westminster Hall.  I am told that the last three speakers here have been the Pope, Her Majesty the Queen, and Nelson Mandela -- which is either a very high bar or the beginning of a very funny joke.  (Laughter.)  

Daring? Yes. The day after having dinner with the Queen, when addressing the Parliament of which she is nominal supreme leader, to raise in everyone's mind the image of a joke starting, "the Queen, the Pope, and Nelson Mandela walk into a bar..." was a risk. Obama's straight-arrow bearing increases the incongruity and therefore the power of the joke. (Imagine George W. Bush telling it.) I would love to have heard the discussions about whether it was a "seemly" thing to say, in that setting. Glad they used it, because it worked.

2) Endings. In circumstances where his otherwise-obligatory speech ending obviously does not fit, Obama has found a new and worthy formulation to use. What he said to the Brits is a minor variant of what he said in his speech about the Arab world and the Middle East last week. Today to the Parliament:

With courage and purpose, with humility and with hope, with faith in the promise of tomorrow, let us march straightforward together, enduring allies in the cause of a world that is more peaceful, more prosperous, and more just.

Last week, in the Arab-world speech:

Now, we cannot hesitate to stand squarely on the side of those who are reaching for their rights, knowing that their success will bring about a world that is more peaceful, more stable, and more just.

We have found a theme.

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James Fallows is a national correspondent for The Atlantic and has written for the magazine since the late 1970s. He has reported extensively from outside the United States and once worked as President Carter's chief speechwriter. His latest book is China Airborne. More

James Fallows is based in Washington as a national correspondent for The Atlantic. He has worked for the magazine for nearly 30 years and in that time has also lived in Seattle, Berkeley, Austin, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Shanghai, and Beijing. He was raised in Redlands, California, received his undergraduate degree in American history and literature from Harvard, and received a graduate degree in economics from Oxford as a Rhodes scholar. In addition to working for The Atlantic, he has spent two years as chief White House speechwriter for Jimmy Carter, two years as the editor of US News & World Report, and six months as a program designer at Microsoft. He is an instrument-rated private pilot. He is also now the chair in U.S. media at the U.S. Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, in Australia.

Fallows has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award five times and has won once; he has also won the American Book Award for nonfiction and a N.Y. Emmy award for the documentary series Doing Business in China. He was the founding chairman of the New America Foundation. His recent books Blind Into Baghdad (2006) and Postcards From Tomorrow Square (2009) are based on his writings for The Atlantic. His latest book is China Airborne. He is married to Deborah Fallows, author of the recent book Dreaming in Chinese. They have two married sons.

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