Where you stand on the legal events of 2013 depends entirely upon who you are. If you are an advocate of gay rights, for example, it was a year of breathtaking success in court and state legislatures. So, too, if you are a corporate executive or shareholder or lobbyist benefiting directly from the U.S Chamber of Commerce's remarkable string of victories at the United States Supreme Court. And it was a great year for George Zimmerman, at least for a few months anyway.
If you are a poor person of color in the South, or a young or elderly person who doesn't drive, it was a terrible year after the Supreme Court gutted the heart of the Voting Rights Act. So, too, if you are a woman who might want to visit an abortion clinic in the 24 counties in Texas now without one. It wasn't a good year either for the nation's spies or for the hundreds of millions of people they spied upon. And it was another bad year for O.J. Simpson.
Boston Killers Face Justice
If you are a federal prosecutor it was a good year. America's most notorious mobster, James "Whitey" Bulger, age 84, finally received some measure of justice. After being convicted in federal court following a dramatic trial trial he was given two life sentences for the murder and mayhem he caused for decades in South Boston. Bulger never will leave prison alive. Nor, likely, will Dzhokar Tsarnaev, the alleged Boston Marathon bomber. He ends 2013 wondering whether the feds will seek the death penalty against him.
Secret-Tellers Deal With Consequences
If you are Chelsea (né Bradley) Manning it was a bad year. The former Army intelligence analyst got a 35-year sentence from a military judge for leaking classified information to Wikileaks. Whether fellow leaker Edward Snowden had a good year or a bad year in 2013 depends entirely upon whom you ask. He began the year as a consultant. He ends the year as an international fugitive—or hero—depending, again, upon your point of view.
The President Finally Fills Empty Robes
If you are a federal judicial nominee, 2013 ended up being a pretty good year. The end of the judicial filibuster for lower-court nominees means that you and dozens of your fellow candidates are finally getting substantive votes on your nominations so you can get robes and begin to chip away at the dozens of "judicial emergencies" that now exist in one jurisdiction after another all across the country. This also makes 2013 a good year for frustrated federal litigants, whose trials have been long delayed because of understaffed benches.
The Gun Lobby Remains All-Powerful
If you are an advocate of gun control, 2013 was a terribly frustrating year. The gun lobby is so strong not even the slaughter of children in a Connecticut elementary school in December 2012 generated meaningful legislative reform on Capitol Hill. Meanwhile, in Colorado, scene of the 2012 Aurora theater shooting massacre, tepid new state gun laws were immediately met by a successful recall election against the local politicians who endorsed them. The feds were even unable or unwilling to repeal a Bush-era law that affords special protection against liability to gun manufacturers.
Marijuana Legalization Moves Cautiously Ahead
If you are a supporter of marijuana legalization, 2013 was a year of transition, promise, and peril. All throughout the year, officials in Colorado and the state of Washington scrambled to set up regulatory schemes to safely and lawfully sell—and tax—recreational marijuana. The Justice Department agreed not to stop these efforts, at least not yet, even though the state regulations violate violate federal law. The coming year will see these laws in action—they are the canaries in the coal mine for legalization around the nation.
Prison Conditions Enter the Public Conscience
It was a good year if you are a federal prisoner, especially if you are an older one, or one who has been languishing in a penitentiary for a non-violent crime. The year 2013 was marked by a series of bipartisan efforts at sentencing reform—including a declaration by the Justice Department itself that it will seek to reduce prison overcrowding by ordering the early release of some inmates. For those people, 2014 may prove to be their first year of freedom in decades.