A recently published book about the legendary editor may not please all critics, but it contains fundamental insights about a man and his journalism philosophy.Reuters
Beginning in the mid-1960s, Ben Bradlee was the greatest newspaper editor of his generation. But the attention to Jeff Himmelman's just published book, Yours in Truth: A Personal Portrait of Ben Bradlee, has largely focused on peripheral details, for example, Bob Woodward's relationship with his source "Deep Throat," FBI official Mark Felt. The controversy centers on Bradlee's skepticism, expressed once years ago in an interview for his memoirs, about minor aspects of the story as told in Woodward and Carl Bernstein's book about the case. The fact is that nothing of any consequence in the Watergate saga has been affected. Richard Nixon was forced from office because of crimes and cover-ups by the president and his aides. Woodward, Bernstein, Bradlee, and the Washington Post staff were primarily responsible for driving that story to its historic resolution.
The majority of Himmelman's book is based on his access to Bradlee's letters, memos, and descriptions of his unique charisma and commitment to journalism at its finest, which made him so formidable. The book is 473 pages long and delves deeply into Ben's life and times, especially the years at the Washington Post. There is so much material that readers, except for the most dedicated, may find there is more than enough. Woodward and friends of the Bradlees have denounced the book as a betrayal, most vociferously in a New York Times Sunday story that excoriates Himmelman.
But embedded in Yours in Truth there are fundamental insights about journalism and the role of a dynamic press. In March 1968, Ben chose, over the objections of his publisher and proprietor, Katharine Graham, to run the text of an embargoed copy of the Kerner Commission report on race in America only a few days before its official release. On the day the text appeared, Bradlee wrote a memo to Mrs. Graham that is as good a summary of his approach to news as anything else that followed over the years:
Katharine. . . . Our duty is to publish news when it is news and that means when we learn and when we have checked its bona fides and when we have secured the information legally and when we have checked for libel and when we have assured ourselves that publishing is not against the national or public interest. . . . A newspaper that yields to any one of these pressures takes a sure step -- perceptible however small -- out of the newspaper business . . . each such step yields the independence we all cherish to someone else. Often, in this town to a President or his representatives . . . a newspaper that yields to any one of these pressures sacrifices one of (its) most precious assets -- the vitality and commitment and possibly the respect of its reporters.
Now comes full disclosure: I worked for Bradlee at the Washington Post for eighteen years and every book published by PublicAffairs, the company I founded in 1997, carries a tribute to him that says "he supported his reporters with a tenacity that made them fearless." PublicAffairs also published Himmelman's collaboration with Quinn Bradlee, Ben's son, on his memoir, A Different Life. In the acknowledgements of Yours in Truth, Himmelman calls me a friend and "a sounding board." I talked to him about the book, but had nothing to do with how it was written or edited.