Whenever he's able, Byron Elton leaves his Prius at home and bikes to the Santa Barbara headquarters of Carbon Sciences, an energy company that has developed technology for making liquid transportation fuels from natural gas. And once he's there, you won't find him eating a hamburger for lunch; Elton has been a vegan for more than 25 years now. You see, he believes that we're all responsible for our personal carbon footprint and that a lot of individual efforts can add up to a significant amount, which is why he does his part, at home and in the office.
Here, Elton discusses why putting a price on carbon is the cheapest, fairest way to cut down on pollution and build a clean energy economy; why carbon capture and sequestration is an unproven, energy-intensive process that probably won't work; and why we all need to pay more attention to how environmentally friendly we are -- or are not.
What do you say when people ask you, "What do you do?"
We are working to commercialize technology that can make liquid transportation fuels from natural gas instead of crude oil. The era of cheap, easy oil is over and we need a solution that can help us produce affordable and efficient transportation fuels without relying on petroleum. I believe that our company has the technology to do just that.
What new idea or innovation is having the most significant impact on the sustainability world?
One simple, but oft undervalued idea would be individuals taking responsibility for their personal carbon footprint. In my case, I bike to work as much as possible, drive a Prius when I don't bike, and I have been a vegan for 25 years. People think that one person cannot make a difference, but it really is a ripple effect; any individual effort can add up to a create a significant global impact.
What's something that most people just don't understand about your area of expertise?
Gas-to-liquids technologies get a fairly poor shake in the media today, especially in our hyper-politicized country, so people do not realize that it is actually possible to make drop-in transportation fuels without using crude oil. In fact, it possible to make these fuels more affordably and more "greenly" than we make them today. One day in the not too distant future we will run out of inexpensive crude, and it will be these gas-to-liquids technologies that will allow us to continue to afford filling up our gas tanks.
What's an emerging trend that you think will shake up the sustainability world?
Putting a price on carbon. It is the cheapest, fairest way to cut pollution and build a clean energy economy. Just recently, Australia put a price on carbon, which will make firms more energy efficient and stimulate growth in natural gas and renewable energy technologies. It is a blanket price that will treat every firm and industry equally, while promoting sustainable policies that will be of great benefit to the environment in the long run.
|Christopher Wharton, Professor of Nutrition|
|Katie Weeks, Editor of Eco-Structure Magazine|
|Kevin Dooley, Sustainability Consortium Director|
|Suzy Amis Cameron, Environmental Activist|
What's a sustainability trend that you wish would go away?