Why Jailing D.C. Motorists for Expired Tags Is Wrong

More

When a citation is sufficient to force compliance with the law, police shouldn't deprive people of their liberty, even temporarily

dc cop-body.jpg


Almost a decade ago, a police officer I interviewed told me something that has stuck with me ever since: if you're ever thinking of passing a new law, remember that if someone breaks it, the ultimate consequence could be men with guns pursuing that person, forcibly arresting him, and imprisoning him.

His point was well taken, and I remembered it today when I read about the latest from Washington D.C.'s police force. "In a city that hosts its fair share of murders and terror plots, police are cracking down on another threat to the nation's capital -- expired vehicle registrations," Fox News reports. "To the frustration of forgetful drivers, Metropolitan Police Department officers are throwing people in jail for letting their tag renewals lapse. The practice provoked somewhat of a backlash last year after a local mother from Maryland was jailed for what in many places would be a routine traffic offense punishable by fine. But the department continues to reserve and exercise the right to throw drivers in the clink for missing the DMV deadline."

In one sense, this is an instance where the problem isn't the law so much as its enforcers:  vehicle registration is something almost every jurisdiction in the US requires. And being arrested for flouting that rule is fine as an ultimate consequence in extreme cases. But almost every police force wisely decides not to exercise its ability to lock people up for minor traffic infractions. Society depends on that good judgment -- it's impossible to write rules that cover everything.

In another sense, however, the D.C. law is overbearing: "According to D.C. Code, it is illegal to drive a vehicle without proper registration, punishable by a fine of up to $1,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 30 days." Am I correct in assuming that the vast majority of us would regard it as an injustice for someone to be jailed for 30 days on an expired registration? Yet the law permits it. There are, in fact, all sorts of municipal ordinances that impose maximum jail terms that seem crazy when you reflect on the fact that someone could actually receive that sentence.

The Fox News story goes on to state that "accounts from those who've been locked up suggest it is not just a tactic designed to give police an opening to hassle and root out bona-fide criminals. Townsend said in one case, police arrested a mother on her way to pick up her child from school, with her younger child in the car. In another incident, a D.C. resident on his way to meet up with his girlfriend was arrested and forced to spend the night in a series of holding cells." 


The implication is that the D.C. police would be acting defensibly if they were only targeting different kinds of people with arrest, but that is a problematic approach too. In practice, it tends to mean that wealthier, well connected folks have no problems with the police, and poorer people and minorities are hassled. The solution here is to just ticket people for infractions that pose no threat to public safety, and save jail for folks with an egregious history of ignoring the fines. And perhaps to re-write the law so the longest jail time imposed for an expired tag is 24 hours.

Isn't that disincentive enough?

Image credit: Reuters


Jump to comments
Presented by

Conor Friedersdorf is a staff writer at The Atlantic, where he focuses on politics and national affairs. He lives in Venice, California, and is the founding editor of The Best of Journalism, a newsletter devoted to exceptional nonfiction.

Get Today's Top Stories in Your Inbox (preview)

A Delightful, Pixar-Inspired Cartoon About the Toys in Your Cereal Box

The story of an action figure and his reluctant sidekick, who trek across a kitchen in search of treasure.


Elsewhere on the web

Join the Discussion

After you comment, click Post. If you’re not already logged in you will be asked to log in or register. blog comments powered by Disqus

Video

Juice Cleanses: The Worst Diet

A doctor tries the ever-popular Master Cleanse. Sort of.

Video

Why Did I Study Physics?

Using hand-drawn cartoons to explain an academic passion

Video

What If Emoji Lived Among Us?

A whimsical ad imagines what life would be like if emoji were real.

Video

Living Alone on a Sailboat

"If you think I'm a dirtbag, then you don't understand the lifestyle."

Feature

The Future of Iced Coffee

Are artisan businesses like Blue Bottle doomed to fail when they go mainstream?

Writers

Up
Down

More in National

Just In