Russian archives reveal that he was no madman, but a very smart and implacably rational ideologue.
A very short book excerpt
The country's intensifying efforts to redraw maritime borders have its neighbors, and the U.S., fearing war. But does the aggression reflect a government growing in power—or one facing a crisis of legitimacy?
The fighting in Europe prompted a noted British philosopher and pacifist to trace the “cruel absurdities” that had produced a world war—and to hope for peaceful means to settle future disputes.
Even the lowest of the carnivorous animals do not kill members of their own species for no good reason.
At a village near the northern tip of France, the symbol of Christ caused Allied soldiers’ deaths.
As societies mobilized for an unexpected and undesired war, governments used posters as a propaganda tool.
Comrades remain comrades, said an American pilot, even after they fall.
Only the United States sought nothing selfish or commercial from going to war.
How nationalistic fervor broke up a happy home
The president's physician witnessed the drama behind closed doors at the peace conference.
The Germans who came of age after the Great War cursed their ruined economy and the stigma of war guilt.
A prominent British historian predicted that Europe would become more politically fragmented but more economically united.
In a 1908 Century Magazine interview, suppressed by Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm II revealed his beliefs on white supremacy and on the historical role of great leaders.
How nations that go to war perceive themselves
A former First Lord of the Admiralty (and future wartime prime minister) placed the fate of Britain and the United States on the high seas.
If the public can make decisions about taxes and schools, why not about war?
Europeans had no desire to fight one another. Only after a score of men drove their nations into battle did their peoples learn to hate.
The author, a former president of Harvard, framed the question he believed would decide the war: Would conscripted workers produce as strong an economy as those who could act of their own free will?
An American serving in the French Foreign Legion arranged his worldly affairs before a “grand attack.”
Abandoned in no-man's-land, some wounded men spent days crawling to safety.
Noxious chemicals have been used in battle since at least ancient Greece. They are more economical—and more humane—than any other weapon, one writer argued.
With millions of young men gone to their graves or sickbeds, the marital future of women across Europe looked bleak.
Archduke Ferdinand's assassination served as a pretext for an "immoral" preventive war.
The German monarch embodied “a new idealism,” exalting hard work and good government, according to this report by a German-born historian at Harvard.