Arts & Letters
This month, after waiting for years, scholars can gain broad access to the voluminous archives of one of the most important modern-art galleries -- the Pierre Matisse Gallery, operated in New York for 60 years by the son of the Impressionist painter Henri Matisse. After Pierre Matisse died, in 1989, his widow and children created a foundation to organize the gallery's drawings, catalogues, photographs, and papers (Matisse wrote, and kept, some 2,000 letters about the shows he mounted and the works he sold); in the meantime, libraries and museums across the country vied for the collection, which was awarded last summer to New York's Pierpont Morgan Library. The archival items include a 1948 introduction by Jean-Paul Sartre to an exhibit of works by the Swiss artist Alberto Giacometti, and a gouache created by Joan Miró for a catalogue cover. Scholars can visit the archives by appointment; a number of exhibits are planned, to make some of the materials available to the public as well.
The annual Girl Scout cookie-selling season begins this month. New offerings include Reduced-Fat Apple Cinnamon cookies -- the seventh reduced-fat cookie introduced in the past four years. The reduced-fat cookies are, of course, a response to the growing demand for healthful snacks, but so far only one, Reduced-Fat Lemon Pastry Cremes, has become a top seller. The old favorites still predominate: Thin Mints account for a quarter of the cookies sold each year, and Samoas for 17 percent. Last year the Girl Scouts sold more than 190 million boxes nationwide, generating revenues of about $370 million. This money funds activities and is used to maintain property and train leaders, among other things; last year the Girl Scouts in the greater Washington, D.C., area had to sell some 85,000 boxes of cookies simply to pay the chapter's liability insurance.
This month the U.S. Navy begins updating its traditional work uniform, and will replace denim bell-bottomed trousers with straight-legged chino-like pants. The switch was mandated after most of the 1,500 male and female sailors who tested the new pants deemed them more comfortable, neater, and longer-lasting than the old ones. How the straight-legged pants will be generally received remains to be seen: the Navy made a similar change to its dress uniform in the 1970s, but reinstated bell-bottoms after an outcry. Also this month the first law in the country aimed at obviating divorce takes effect, on January 1. Florida's Marriage Preparation and Preservation Act encourages couples to take a premarital course within the year prior to applying for a marriage license (a draft of the bill would have required such a course). Courses can be taken from a variety of providers, and may include such topics as communication and financial and parenting responsibilities. Couples who complete a course save $32.50 of Florida's $88.50 marriage-license fee, and are exempted from the usual three-day wait for a license.
January is a peak month for sales of facial tissue, because flu season usually reaches its height in late December or early January. Kleenex, the initial brand, has dominated the U.S. market since its introduction, in 1924. Kleenex's manufacturer, the Kimberly-Clark Corporation, has, of course, kept close track of trends in tissue use. Some recent findings: Americans go through about 200 billion tissues each year, with some availing themselves of more than 80 a week. Women use twice as many tissues as men do. Most users restrict themselves to one tissue at a time, and half fold the tissue before blowing their noses. Kleenex was first marketed as a disposable replacement for the towels used to remove makeup and cold cream; only after a survey showed that the majority of consumers regarded it instead as a hygienic substitute for pocket handkerchiefs was it promoted as such.