"(I)t has not taken a 'secret memo' for Afghans to conclude that Pakistanis are at the root of their problems. For most Afghans in Kabul, the target of a startling trend of shopping center attacks this year despite its vaunted "Ring of Steel" security perimeter, "Pakistani" is nearly synonymous with "terrorist." Even in Pashtun-dominated Kandahar, most Afghans consider the violence -- this year has brought the assassination of the provincial police chief, the provincial shurah chief, the Kandahar City mayor, and many district officials -- to be a Pakistani export. Southerners rank Pakistani support as one of the top three reasons the Taliban fight, according to an Asia Foundation survey released this month. Shurah leaders in Kandahar and surrounding provinces privately say not only that they believe the ISI is supporting Taliban operations in the south, but that Pakistan will reach further as America exits.
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