Comrades remain comrades, said an American pilot, even after they fall.
How nations that go to war perceive themselves
A former First Lord of the Admiralty (and future wartime prime minister) placed the fate of Britain and the United States on the high seas.
If the public can make decisions about taxes and schools, why not about war?
Abandoned in no-man's-land, some wounded men spent days crawling to safety.
An American serving in the French Foreign Legion arranged his worldly affairs before a “grand attack.”
Noxious chemicals have been used in battle since at least ancient Greece. They are more economical—and more humane—than any other weapon, one writer argued.
With millions of young men gone to their graves or sickbeds, the marital future of women across Europe looked bleak.
Archduke Ferdinand's assassination served as a pretext for an "immoral" preventive war.
Europeans had no desire to fight one another. Only after a score of men drove their nations into battle did their peoples learn to hate.
The author, a former president of Harvard, framed the question he believed would decide the war: Would conscripted workers produce as strong an economy as those who could act of their own free will?
The political division within postwar Germany produced a "noisy right wing," led in part by a Great War veteran named Adolf Hitler.
The German monarch embodied “a new idealism,” exalting hard work and good government, according to this report by a German-born historian at Harvard.
Russian soldiers saw nothing evil in leaving the bodies of Germans and Austrians on the battlefield to rot.
A French officer found that the corpses half-buried in the walls of a trench became a matter of mirth.
Trenches were crowded, narrow cities replete with bunks, benches, and sewage systems.
The chief officer of a British ship was sickened by burying so many young men at sea.
A beautiful town brought to ruin
After the postwar treaty scrambled boundary lines across Europe, Germans would resent their nation's "mutilation."
The Allies would not have won without doughboys, materiel, and money.