Egypt's streets were filled this week with demonstrators who believe Mubarak's successor is no better.Andrew Katz
CAIRO -- The scene downtown on Friday morning was like any other: shops were open, vendors were hawking their wares on the side of the road and traffic cops were out in full-force, chain-smoking and sipping from small white cups as they signaled taxi drivers to weave through the lane-less web of streets extending away from the hotspot of celebration, protest and violence that was due to arrive after the early afternoon prayer. The only sign of what was to come was near the Ramses Hilton Hotel, just before crossing over the 6 October Bridge, where pockets of young men carried dozens of Egyptian flags to be waved later in the day as demonstrations marked the second anniversary of the revolution.
Two years after the beginning of the 18-day uprising that overthrew Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who, at 84, is now under guard at a hospital in the resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, the country remains deeply fragmented by power grabs, political polarization and a fast-weakening economy. A report issued on Thursday by Amnesty International found that no senior official or security officer has been convicted or appropriately punished for the 840 deaths and 6,600 injuries that occurred during the clashes between January 25 and February 11, 2011. Today, amid a lack of closure and seven months after Mohamed Morsi was elected president -- a move that transferred power from the military to the Islamists -- Morsi's government would see the largest demonstration against its rule since coming into office.
At 1:15 p.m., a pre-planned march from Mustafa Mahmoud Square began streaming down Arab League Street. "The people demand the fall of the regime," they shouted. Their detest for Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood came down to illegitimacy and in their view, the constitution was "invalid." They proudly waved Egyptian flags above their heads and held signs high in English and Arabic. "Down with the occupation of the Ikhwan," one read. Upon passing several towering apartment complexes and seeing residents peer out from their balconies, they screamed "Inzil! Inzil!" or "Come down! Come down!"
'This is a transition that has had no rules, in which hundreds of people have been killed, in the context of an economy that is in sharp decline. So, two years later, where does Egypt's revolution stand? In a very sad place.'
The march grew over the next two hours as it snaked over to the 6 October Bridge, past the charred National Democratic Party headquarters along the Nile River and into Tahrir Square, the symbol of the revolution where thousands of other people had spent the morning and afternoon prepping for a long few days of celebratory protest.
Eric Trager, a fellow at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, was in Tahrir Square when the revolution began -- when the military embraced the everyday Egyptian, and kissed their babies, and let protesters on their tanks. He saw that people wanted an end to Mubarak's rule, but today he's not surprised the dictator's fall didn't yield better results. The issue at stake is not the post-Mubarak institutions, but rather the players who are destabilizing Egyptian state and society by not being capable of meeting the public's basic needs, doing more to prevent the ongoing economic crisis, or feeling a need to respond to their own people's concerns about the future.
"The optimistic, photogenic, Facebook-loving, youth revolutionaries have faded and in their place you have the emergence of an Islamist regime that in fact is quite hostile to the very revolutionaries that helped them come to power," Trager said early Friday morning. "Their government doesn't care about them; their government sees them as counterrevolutionaries and as enemies of Islam; and it will use that rhetoric to justify any kind of violence that protesters will be confronted with."
A more brutal crackdown to these types of protests is justified now more than it was two years ago because the officiators were elected by their own people, he continued, adding that Mubarak's Egypt was more stable than originally thought by proponents of his ouster, and more so than it is now. "Everything is not fine," he said. "This is a transition that has had no rules, in which hundreds of people have been killed, in the context of an economy that is in sharp decline. So, two years later, where does Egypt's revolution stand? In a very sad place."
In Tahrir, men shouted "Alam! Alam!" ("Flags! Flags!") for protesters to purchase and others offered to paint faces black, white and red. Nearby, a few hundred people were staking out the intersection of Youssef El-Guindy and Mohamed Mahmoud Streets, where security forces killed dozens of protesters in November 2011. A group of policemen were believed to be throwing rocks and blasting tear gas canisters from a roof down the block. Some in the group here, about 1,000 men who skewed young, were pointing green lasers at the officers while others held up video cameras to document what was playing out. One deployment of the gas as night began to fall led small contingents of men to carry away demonstrators who had fainted from inhaling too much smoke, leaving them with helpers on the sidewalk.