The Future of Conservative Foreign Policy

Republicans have lost their historic edge over Democrats. Why George W. Bush might be the key to getting it back.

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Republican Presidential candidate Mitt Romney delivers a foreign policy address in front of Jerusalem's Old City on July 29th, 2012. (Jason Reed/Reuters)

According to both the exit polls and the pre-election polling, President Obama was widely considered better on foreign policy than his Republican opponent. The last time that happened was 1964, when Lyndon Johnson carried 44 states, in part on the message that electing Barry Goldwater would lead to nuclear holocaust.

Obama didn't win the public's confidence by giving gifts to urban special interest groups. Rather, he co-opted key parts of the Republican foreign policy agenda, undermining the attacks that have been used against his party since the days of Hubert Humphrey and George McGovern.

Mitt Romney campaigned, like every Republican of the last generation, using the playbook Ronald Reagan successfully used to defeat Jimmy Carter in 1980. That has been decreasingly effective on domestic issues and, now, it's failed two elections in a row on foreign affairs, too.

Domestically, Republicans are seemingly oblivious to the fact that they've won on most of the core issues that Reagan championed. Democrats have all but conceded to Grover Norquist's demand never to raise tax rates again; meanwhile, Republicans are still running on tax cuts and trying to convince people that even Reagan's top marginal rate constitutes socialism.

Now, the same thing has happened on foreign policy.Barack Obama basically continued the post-2006 Bush foreign policy. We had a surge in Afghanistan, ramped up drone strikes, and targeted people the president deemed America's enemies -- even if those enemies were American citizens. And, of course, Obama gave the go order to kill bin Laden. All this from a party that Republicans have historically portrayed as weak on national security.

Team Romney nonetheless ran the same campaign Republicans have since at least Nixon's day, claiming that the Democrats were spineless on foreign policy. Given Obama's record, the charge of course rang hollow.

If the Democrats keep to their winning formula, the Republicans need a new playbook. Just as calls for tax cuts are no longer enough on fiscal issues, platitudes about "strength" are no longer enough on national security policy.

In recent years, the dominant faction in the Republican foreign policy establishment since the 9/11 attacks have been the so-called "neoconservatives," who advocate a policy of vigorous democracy promotion abroad, through military power if necessary, as the best way to promote American national security interests and values. The Iraq War debacle severely damaged this faction's reputation and even President George W. Bush largely turned away from them after the 2006 midterm defeat in favor of more traditional realist voices like Condoleeza Rice and Robert Gates.

John McCain ran on a neocon platform in 2008 and Mitt Romney paid homage to this cycle by including the likes of John Bolton among his advisors, but was so opaque in his pronouncements that it wasn't clear that even Romney knew what his foreign policy was. Both lost resoundingly.

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James Joyner is an associate professor of security studies at the Marine Corps Command and Staff College and a nonresident senior fellow at the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security at the Atlantic Council.

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