Afghanistan is now the longest military conflict in American history. So why aren't the candidates talking about it?
There are many issues dominating the U.S. presidential campaign -- unemployment, taxes, the economy, Iran -- but the place where America has been at war for more than 11 years is not one of them. President Barack Obama and his Republican challenger Mitt Romney mention Afghanistan only rarely in campaign speeches, and only briefly when they do. Romney didn't mention it all during his nearly 40-minute speech accepting his party's nomination. He was roundly criticized for that, even by fellow Republicans. "It was a mistake, I mean, this was a mistake," Steve Hays, of the conservative magazine "The Weekly Standard," told Fox News. "Whether it was an oversight or an omission, I don't know which one is worse, but it was a mistake. You have 70,000-plus troops on the ground in Afghanistan now, and you need to speak to them .... People want to see the leader of a party talk about something as important as war."
Or do they? The United States has been at war in Afghanistan longer than anywhere it has ever fought. More than 2,000 Americans have been killed, many thousands have been injured, and $574 billion has been spent. And yet, according to Frank Newport, the editor in chief of the Gallup Poll, when Americans are asked to name the most important issue facing the country, less than one percent says "Afghanistan." That's because people are so concerned about the economy and unemployment, he says. He adds there's a "huge correlation" between what the polls say and what politicians say. "The candidates read polls and also have their own pollsters, so they're clearly aware of what the key issues are," Newport says. "And we don't hear Afghanistan being discussed by either Romney or Obama probably because, a, their consultants tell them it's not a high-priority issue for the public; and b, it's not a point of differentiation."
Two years ago, Obama and other NATO leaders set December 2014 as the date by which combat operations in Afghanistan will end. That decision has settled the issue of U.S. policy in Afghanistan in the minds of many Americans, who polls show are tired of war. The recent string of green-on-blue-shootings has fueled the feeling that the sooner U.S. troops are home, the better. An October 14 editorial in the "New York Times" titled "Time to Pack Up and Leave" urged speeding up the pullout to next year, because "the United States will not achieve even President Obama's narrowing goals." It concluded, "Two more years of combat, two more years of sending the 1 percent of Americans serving in uniform to die and be wounded, is too long."
A Gallup poll found that more than half the public feels the same. That's understandable, says Michael O'Hanlon of the Brookings Institution. But he also says most Americans don't think Washington should abandon Afghanistan before it's ready to take over its own security. "Eleven years into what's been a very difficult and frustrating and, of course, bloody effort, Americans are really tired of this," O'Hanlon says. "They're doubting whether we're accomplishing anything close to our desired optimal goals. And yet they also are responsible enough to know that we probably shouldn't rush for the exits and we already have a plan to get out within two years."