Why the GOP Presidential Candidates Are Wrong to Bash Foreign Aid

It's not just bad policy. With popular support for the programs, it's bad politics as well.

Pak Jan26 P.jpg

A 6-year-old Pakistan girl named Farzana stands outside of her family tent, donated by USAID as part of a relief effort for the floods there / Reuters

Unsurprisingly, foreign aid has once again become a political football in this year's primary season. Today's GOP presidential candidates regularly bash it, echoing "Mr. Republican" Robert Taft--who dismissed overseas assistance more than six decades ago as "pouring money down a rat hole."

But public opposition to providing foreign aid is one of the hoariest misconceptions in U.S. foreign policy.

In fact, U.S. citizens support foreign aid, particularly when it is targeted to alleviating poverty and humanitarian suffering. This is remarkable, given the magnitude by which Americans consistently overestimate the percentage of the federal budget actually devoted to foreign aid. These findings emerge from a newly updated digest of U.S. and international polling on global issues developed by CFR and the Program on International Policy Attitudes. They suggest that bashing foreign aid--as most of the leading GOP candidates for president have done--is a campaign strategy of dubious value. It may provide red meat to the Republican base, but it ignores the generous impulses of the American majority.

All of this brings to mind a famous lyric from the Broadway show, Porgy and Bess. To paraphrase Gershwin, things you're liable to read in the (GOP foreign policy) bible ain't necessarily so.

In the United States, there is actually a broad consensus that developed countries have "a moral responsibility to work to reduce hunger and severe poverty in poor countries"--81 percent of the U.S. public holds this view (WPO, 2008). Americans also believe that it is in rich countries' own interest to help poor countries develop, but that wealthy nations are not doing enough to help poor nations.

U.S. public support for foreign aid has proven resilient despite the global economic downturn and the struggles of many Americans to get by.  In a 2010 poll by the Chicago Council of Foreign Affairs, 74 percent of U.S. citizens polled favored providing "food and medical assistance" to other countries, and 62 percent favored delivering "aid to help needy countries to develop their economies." To be sure, the recession had dragged down these numbers slightly from 2004 (when the equivalent figures were 82 percent and 74 percent), but both propositions retained clear majority support.

As in years past, when asked, Americans initially tend to say that their government should reduce economic assistance to other nations (CCGA, 2010). But this attitude rests on persistent misperceptions of the share of the U.S. federal budget devoted to aid. For decades now, U.S. citizens have overestimated U.S. foreign aid spending by several orders of magnitude. When WorldPublicOpinion.org asked the public in 2010 to estimate the percentage of the federal budget going to foreign aid, respondents on average reckoned 27 percent--and suggested that a more appropriate percentage might be 13 percent. The actual figure is less than one percent. (When informed of the actual figure, Americans tend to be initially incredulous). When given accurate information, a clear majority of Americans favors either increasing current aid levels or keeping levels constant. In addition, a large majority of Americans say they would be willing to increase spending on foreign aid to meet anti-poverty targets, provided other nations agree to do the same.

Presented by

Stewart M. Patrick is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (where he writes the blog  The Internationalist) and Director of the Program on International Institutions and Global Governance.

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