The Challenge of Promoting Gay Rights in Africa

More

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton wants to make gay rights a new international norm, but she will find challenges in Africa

cfr dec9 p.jpg

Hillary Clinton defends the rights of gay persons around the world in a speech entitled "Free and Equal in Dignity and Rights" at the UN / AP


On December 6, in a presidential memorandum and a speech by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in Geneva, the Obama administration announced that it will use all diplomatic means to promote gay rights around the world. In effect, the administration is trying to establish a new international norm, much as the Carter administration tried to do with respect to human rights.

In sub-Saharan Africa, homophobia is widespread. Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe and Uganda's Yoweri Museveni, for example, have used it to whip up public support and to distract attention from bad governance. In Uganda, there is legislation under consideration that could include the death penalty for homosexual acts. In Zimbabwe, the Anglican Church's alleged sympathy for homosexuality was part of the pretext for, in effect, the seizure of the property of the country's largest church and for official castigation of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Paradoxically, Mugabe's attack has led to an Anglican revival in Zimbabwe--even though the population is probably as homophobic as elsewhere in Africa. (Notably, Mugabe's chief presidential rival, Morgan Tsvangirai, has recently publicly supported gay rights.)

In nominally democratic Nigeria, Muslim and Christian leaders have called for additional laws penalizing homosexual behavior, one of which recently passed through the senate. The outlier is South Africa, where public gay pride parades are held in Johannesburg and Cape Town and discrimination based on sexual preference is outlawed. South Africa has among the most thorough constitutional guarantees of human rights in the world. But gay rights are a "white" issue, and homophobia is widespread among other racial groups.

The Democracy ReportThere is African resentment at what some see as Western imposition of norms, and some will put the Obama administration's new policy in that context -as the International Criminal Court has been because the cases before it all involve African figures. Nevertheless, as former president Jimmy Carter's sponsorship of human rights shows, new norms can over time influence the behavior of governments.

This article originally appeared at CFR.org, an Atlantic partner site.

Jump to comments
Presented by

John Campbell, a former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria, is a Senior Fellow for Africa policy at the Council on Foreign Relations. He served as political counselor at the U.S. embassy in Pretoria during the end of apartheid. He blogs at Africa in Transition.

Get Today's Top Stories in Your Inbox (preview)

A Fascinating Short Film About the Multiverse

If life is a series of infinite possibilities, what does it mean to be alive?


Elsewhere on the web

Join the Discussion

After you comment, click Post. If you’re not already logged in you will be asked to log in or register. blog comments powered by Disqus

Video

The Death of Film

You'll never hear the whirring sound of a projector again.

Video

How to Hunt With Poison Darts

A Borneo hunter explains one of his tribe's oldest customs: the art of the blowpipe

Video

A Delightful, Pixar-Inspired Cartoon

An action figure and his reluctant sidekick trek across a kitchen in search of treasure.

Video

I Am an Undocumented Immigrant

"I look like a typical young American."

Video

Why Did I Study Physics?

Using hand-drawn cartoons to explain an academic passion

Writers

Up
Down

More in Global

Just In