Rankings and photographs often need greater context like that provided by Robert Kunzig in the new issue of National Geographic issue -- removed observation that allows for practical understanding
Media attention to urban life continues, day by day, but to my mind, characteristic rankings, photographs, and metrics often need greater historical context, and more robust, real-life punctuation.
While Tahrir Square and the Occupy Movement parlay the daily urban tensions of democracy and authority, cities remain focal points of celebration, as demonstrated in Robert Kunzig's latest city-as-solution retrospective and accompanying imagery in the December 2011 National Geographic.
Kunzig's article is, in fact, closer to the holistic focus called for above. By using Ebenezer Howard's "large and lingering impact" as a foil, Kunzig contrasts the zeal of economist Edward Glaeser, the perspectives of David Owen, and a mini-history of sprawl and South Korean density. His approach recalls journalist-turned-urban authority Grady Clay's treatment of Howard's Garden City ideals (and largely misplaced American implementation) in a famous 1959 Horizon Magazine article, "Metropolis Regained".
Two years ago, while granting Clay its Athena Award, the Congress for the New Urbanism brought renewed attention to Clay's article -- as early documentation of back to the city principles.
Clay's 1959 conclusion still holds:
All these ideas of the New Urbanists spring from their conviction that the city can be saved, but not by denying its nature. The city, they believe, generates innumerable devices for ameliorating the human lot, and we would do well to study these -- even where at first glance they look disorderly and disreputable -- before abandoning them. Cities have been around too long for our generation to desert them so precipitously. As that admirable humanist Leon Battista Alberti put it in his Deiciarchia, "The necessary things are those without which you cannot well pursue life. And as we see, man, from his emergence into this light to his last end, has always found it necessary to turn to others for help. But then cities were created for no other reason than for men to live together in comfort and contentment."
Kudos to Kunzig for his artful use of Howard's life-long quest for a livable urbanism, especially in the context of my memories of Clay's writings.
But the Kunzig article invites more.
Like Clay's observations in his later writings (e.g., the "Vantages" chapter in Close Up: How to Read the American City), in the last few months I have pondered how best to further communicate urban preferences amid a changing landscape. As shown by both Kunzig and Clay, history can supplement two forms of documentation: straightforward photography with authentic -- and ordinary -- personal experience.
To put this into practice, why not develop a simple test to measure a city (over and above complex rankings or metrics) that takes advantage of history, imagery, and experience, including daily life? I offer, in short form, an emphasis on a creative reference, an icon, and the hope to stay, as follows, and invite others to offer their own criteria.