Sustainable Cities: What Makes Urban Areas Around the World Successful?

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A panel of forward-thinking experts focuses on how to avoid sprawl and create "livable and lovable" communities

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I haven't spent nearly as much time as I hope to with the resources on the website of the Philips Center for Health and Well-Being, but it has caught my eye, particularly for the attention paid there to "livable cities." The Center's perspective is international and intellectual, and includes a "multi-disciplinary panel of think tank experts."

Here's one of those experts, Olivier Piccolin, a senior vice president in charge of Philips's commercial lighting division:

Today, new factors demand we urgently change our view of cities and how they should evolve. First, the urban growth surge, spawning mega-cities in Asia and other emerging economies, is unlike anything experienced in history. Secondly, the ecological imperative of reducing urban consumption of carbon and other resources forces us to find accelerated solutions. And there's intense pressure on budgets to support the increasing demand for public services in cities, So we must find new definitions of what makes a successful city.

The Center's Livable Cities think tank has begun the task of defining how a fit-for-the- future city can be created and sustained, in emerging markets. So 'success' will not be judged solely in terms of economic growth and efficiency, but will include more subjective factors including social, economic and environmental resilience, and inclusiveness for all parts of the population and diversity--as well as remaining authentic during transition. Perhaps 'equal opportunity' or 'percentage of green spaces' will one day sit alongside GDP as a component in future rankings of successful cities.

The goal of the think tank is to develop and present extensive findings for presentation to mayors of the world's largest cities next year.

I'm on record as saying that we need to be cautious about placing blind faith in high-tech panaceas for cities that come from corporations with a large financial stake in the adoption of high-tech solutions. But this particular initiative is not so easily caricatured, and appears to deserve to be taken seriously.

I am particularly struck by a graphic that captures key elements of urban sustainability in a nicely informative way:

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I like the three major themes of resilience, inclusiveness, and authenticity, captured in various ways in the illustration. Authenticity in particular is insufficiently discussed in the circles I inhabit.

There is also a 28-page report, Livable cities in a rapidly urbanizing world, sponsored by Philips and developed by the International Society of City and Regional Planners. Fascinating to browse, the report includes case studies from (among other places) Singapore, Seoul, New York, the U.S. Gulf Coast (quoting Dhiru Thadani), Portland, the Netherlands, and Los Angeles. There is a bit of an emphasis on Asia and the Pacific and very little on Africa or South America (but for Curatiba), but I was impressed that the discussion caught such details as problems associated with New York City's Cross-Bronx Expressway and solutions highlighted in Portland's "20-minute neighborhoods."

I was also impressed to see the report push the definition of "cities" beyond our conventional frames of reference, something I have touched on in a different way and context. It also stresses the importance of regional governance, mixed land uses, and the arts. In a number of ways, the report--and other materials on the web site--appears to avoid the easy answers and, instead, pose the hard questions. I look forward to learning more.


This post also appears on NRDC's Switchboard.
Image: Philips Center for Health and Well Being

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Kaid Benfield is the director of the Sustainable Communities and Smart Growth program at the Natural Resources Defense Council, co-founder of the LEED for Neighborhood Development rating system, and co-founder of Smart Growth America. More

Kaid Benfield is the director of the Sustainable Communities and Smart Growth program at the Natural Resources Defense Council, co-founder of the LEED for Neighborhood Development rating system, and co-founder of Smart Growth America. He is the author or co-author of Once There Were Greenfields (NRDC 1999), Solving Sprawl (Island Press 2001), Smart Growth In a Changing World (APA Planners Press 2007), and Green Community (APA Planners Press 2009). In 2009, Kaid was voted one of the "top urban thinkers" on Planetizen.com, and he was named one of "the most influential people in sustainable planning and development" in 2010 by the Partnership for Sustainable Communities. He blogs at NRDC's Switchboard.
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