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The 20th-Century Architecture of Eero Saarinen

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In America's postwar years, architects and builders were redefining modernism, taking advantage of new construction techniques and materials to create a visual language for the 20th century. Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen was amazingly prolific and successful throughout this era, designing projects large and small, from the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the TWA Flight Center at New York's JFK Airport to community churches and individual homes. Photographer Balthazar Korab worked for Saarinen, skillfully capturing the nuances, shapes, and lines of his structures and documenting the creative process involved. In the process, he earned a reputation as a well-respected architectural photographer. Korab, who passed away earlier this year, graciously donated nearly 800 of these photographs to the Library of Congress in 2007. [44 photos]

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Architectural detail of the interior of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, circa 1962. The expansive, futuristic terminal building, designed by architect Eero Saarinen, opened in 1962, described as a "Grand Central of the jet age." (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab)
Architectural detail of the interior of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, circa 1962. The expansive, futuristic terminal building, designed by architect Eero Saarinen, opened in 1962, described as a "Grand Central of the jet age." (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab)
Architect Eero Saarinen stands behind a scale model of the Saint Louis Gateway Arch, between 1947 and 1961. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Construction underway on the Saarinen-designed Saint Louis Gateway Arch, circa 1964. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
The newly-completed Saint Louis Gateway Arch, dedicated in 1968. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Design Center interior with stair in background, part of the General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Water tower and frozen water feature, General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Water tower detail, General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Milwaukee Art Museum (originally Milwaukee War Memorial), Milwaukee, Wisconsin, between 1952 and 1957. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Scale model of Kresge Auditorium and Chapel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, circa 1950. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Completed Kresge Auditorium and Chapel on the campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, circa 1955. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Architectural model of the Miller house, Columbus, Indiana, circa 1953. The residence was commissioned by American industrialist J. Irwin Miller and his wife Xenia Simons Miller in 1953. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Living area from terrace, Miller house, Columbus, Indiana, circa 1957. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Exterior detail of the Miller house, in Columbus, Indiana, in 1957. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Scale model of the David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, for Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Photographer Balthazar Korab is barely visible photographing the interior of a model of Yale University's David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Construction of the David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, circa 1959. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Completed David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, circa 1959. See this location today on Google Streetview. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Concordia Theological Seminary (originally Concordia Senior College), Fort Wayne, Indiana, circa 1958. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Interior of the chapel at Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, Indiana, circa 1958. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
A model of the United States Embassy, to be based in London, England, circa 1955. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
The completed United States Embassy in London, circa 1960. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
A scale model of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
A drawing, a column study, part of the design work for the Trans World Airlines Terminal, in New York, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Model of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Work takes place on a model of the TWA Terminal, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
An interior shot of a model of the TWA Terminal, circa 1956. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Photographer Balthazar Korab with TWA model, ca 1960. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Construction underway of the TWA Terminal, at JFK Airport, in New York, circa 1960. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Construction underway inside the TWA Terminal, at new York's JFK Airport, circa 1960. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Detail visible during construction of the TWA Terminal, circa 1960. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Walkway interior of the TWA Terminal. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Information desk inside the TWA Terminal, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Night shot of the interior of the opened TWA Terminal, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Model of Washington Dulles International Airport, planned for construction near Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1958. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Photographing the interior of a model of Dulles International Airport, circa 1958. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
The interior of a model of Dulles International Airport, circa 1958. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Dulles International Airport under construction, in Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1962. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Construction underway on Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia, 1958-63. Construction. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Newly-completed Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1963. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Mobile lounges, or Passenger Transfer Vehicle (PTVs) parked at Washington Dulles International Airport, in 1963. The PTVs could carry 100 passengers and had ramps at one end that could be raised or lowered to the floor height of an aircraft. The PTV concept, a pre-cursor to jet bridges, was championed by architect Eero Saarinen, and originally featured prominently in the flow of traffic at Dulles. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #
Evening view of Washington Dulles International Airport, in Virginia, circa 1963. (Library of Congress/Balthazar Korab) #

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