Vital Signs: Intravenous Drugs and HIV Risk; Kids With Sleep Apnea

By Nicholas Jackson

The latest facts and figures from the all of the most influential medical journals; newspapers; and health, fitness, and wellness websites.

  • 5,400,000 -- The approximate number of kids in the United States that have been diagnosed with ADHD, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: "ADHD More Common Among Youngest Kids in Class: Overdiagnosed?" CBS.
  • 5.5 -- The percentage that diagnosis rates of ADHD have increased, on average, per year from 2003 to 2007, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: "ADHD More Common Among Youngest Kids in Class: Overdiagnosed?" CBS.
  • 1,400,000 -- The approximate number of American workers exposed to diesel exhaust, according to Debra Silverman, a National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologist, who just completed a study on how the exhaust increases risk for lung cancer. Source: "Lung Cancer Risk Increases With Diesel Exhaust Exposure," CBS.
  • 3,000,000 -- The approximate number of European workers exposed to diesel exhaust, according to Debra Silverman, a National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologist, who just completed a study on how the exhaust increases risk for lung cancer. Source: "Lung Cancer Risk Increases With Diesel Exhaust Exposure," CBS.
  • 24 -- The percentage of women in Georgia -- the state with the highest percentage -- who get a Brazilian wax before a big date, according to Glamour and match.com's survey of 8,000 singles across the United States. Source: "The Secret Dating World of American Singles," Glamour.
  • 160,000 -- The number of Americans expected to die from lung cancer this year. That's more than will die from any other type of cancer. Source: "Lung Cancer Risk Increases With Diesel Exhaust Exposure," CBS.
  • 6 -- The percentage of airline pilots who work the same shift every day, according to a new 2012 Sleep in America poll, which suggests that variable schedules lead to sleepiness which leads to slower reaction times, decreased attention, and problems processing and learning information. Source: "One in Five Pilots Report a Serious Error Related to Sleepiness," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 20 -- The percentage of airline pilots who admitted that sleepiness had led to one or more serious errors, according to a new 2012 Sleep in America poll. Source: "One in Five Pilots Report a Serious Error Related to Sleepiness," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 37 -- The number of Buckyballs, tiny ball-shaped magnets, that a 3-year-old girl swallowed. She is now recovering in a Portland hospital. There have been nearly two dozen cases of kids swallowing magnets since 2009, according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Source: "3-Year-Old Swallows 37 Buckyball Magnets, Survives," CBS.
  • 39 -- The percentage of guys in Texas who expect to spent more than $50 on a date, according to Glamour and match.com's survey of 8,000 singles across the United States. Source: "The Secret Dating World of American Singles," Glamour.
  • 10 -- The approximate percentage of children who snore regularly, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Health and Neck Surgery. Source: "Snoring, Mouth-Breathing Tots More Likely to Develop Behavioral Problems," CBS.
  • 3 -- The approximate percentage of children (between two and four percent) who suffer from sleep apnea, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Health and Neck Surgery. Source: "Snoring, Mouth-Breathing Tots More Likely to Develop Behavioral Problems," CBS.
  • 12.5 -- The percentage of Boston men who expect sex on the first date -- the highest percentage of any city -- according to Glamour and match.com's survey of 8,000 singles across the United States. Source: "The Secret Dating World of American Singles," Glamour.
  • 1,200,000 -- The initial market capitalization of Japan Vaccine Co., a new joint venture from Daiichi Sankyo and GlaxoSmithKline to develop and market vaccines in Japan. Source: "A.M. Vitals: Daiichi Sankyo, GlaxoSmithKline Form Vaccine Venture," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 50 -- The suspected number of prescriptions for breast-cancer drug Tamoxifen that a CVS pharmacy in New Jersey mistakenly administered in place of chewable fluoride pills meant for children. Source: "A.M. Vitals: Daiichi Sankyo, GlaxoSmithKline Form Vaccine Venture," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 92 -- The cure rate, in percent, of women suffering from cervical cancer found by Pap smear tests, according to a new study published in the British Medical Journal. Source: "Cervical Cancer Study Shows Pap Tests Boost Survival Chances," CBS.
  • 9 -- The percentage of intravenous drug users who were infected with HIV in 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Source: "A.M. Vitals: States Propose Restrictions on E-Cigarettes," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 18 -- The percentage of intravenous drug users who were infected with HIV in the 1990s, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Source: "A.M. Vitals: States Propose Restrictions on E-Cigarettes," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 4 -- The number of influenza strains that a new, nasal spray-based vaccine from AstraZeneca's MedImmune unit protects against. Source: "FDA Approves First Influenza Vaccine That Protects Against 4 Strains," CBS.
  • 3,000 -- The minimum estimated number of flu-related deaths that took place between 1976 and 2007, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Source: "FDA Approves First Influenza Vaccine That Protects Against 4 Strains," CBS.
  • 49,000 -- The maximum estimated number of flu-related deaths that took place between 1976 and 2007, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Source: "FDA Approves First Influenza Vaccine That Protects Against 4 Strains," CBS.
  • 16 -- The percentage of their daily calories that children are getting from sugars added to prepared and processed drinks and foods, according to new government figures. Source: "A.M. Vitals: Drug for Parkinson's Shows Potential in Traumatic Brain Injury," the Wall Street Journal.
  • 14 -- The percentage of New York City men who spend five minutes or less getting ready for a first date, according to Glamour and match.com's survey of 8,000 singles across the United States. Source: "The Secret Dating World of American Singles," Glamour.

This article available online at:

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/03/vital-signs-intravenous-drugs-and-hiv-risk-kids-with-sleep-apnea/254005/