The Secret Lives of Kitchen Spices

There's a warmonger, a cure-all, and a former currency in your cabinet.

spices.jpgChristopher Boffoli

Cinnamon Storks

In ancient times the origins of cinnamon were a mystery to the Western world, and Arab merchants wanted to keep it that way. To keep prices high, they spun an elaborate tale, claiming that giant birds collected cinnamon sticks from far-off lands and used them to build nests on cliffs. To get the precious sticks, traders laid out massive chunks of ox meat, which the birds grabbed and carried to their nests. But because the slabs were so large, the nests would collapse, allowing the clever merchants to collect their prize.

Europeans bought this story until the late 1400s when the Portuguese found the real source of cinnamon -- lush groves in Sri Lanka. Once they'd figured it out, the Portuguese struck a deal with the Sri Lankans to monopolize the trade and built a fort there to protect their assets. They were displaced by the Dutch in 1658, who were subsequently displaced by the Brits in 1796. But by then, the trees had been exported worldwide, so there was little need to fight for cinnamon.

The Power of Cubeb Compels You

With notes of allspice and clove, cubeb comes from a plant that's a close relative to black pepper, and it tastes somewhat similar. So it's no surprise that cubeb was used as a cheap stand-in for its far more expensive cousin during the Middle Ages in Europe and through the 1800s in the U.S. Today, cubeb is rarely found outside of Indonesian cuisine, but it's a key ingredient in a ritual far more interesting than dinner: exorcisms.

In his 17th-century book Demoniality, Italian priest Ludovico Maria Sinistrari recalls that cubeb did wonders for a "young maiden of noble family, who was tempted by an Incubus that appeared to her both by day and by night." He tossed a few kernels of cubeb into her bedroom, and "the Incubus came, but never dared enter."

The Great Texas Salt Fight

Okay, we know it's not technically a spice, but bear with us -- this is good! First extracted from briny spring water in Romania in 6050 BCE, salt's use as a food preservative allowed the local population to flourish. On the other hand, salt has also sparked more than its fair share of wars and revolutions, even on American soil. When Judge Charles Howard formed a "Salt Ring" in 1877 to gain control of the dry salt lakes near the base of the Guadalupe Mountains, the Mexican-Americans who'd been living there and collecting salt for free decided they didn't want bland food imposed on them. So they rioted.

Twenty Texas Rangers swaggered in to clean up the mess, but they were no match for the rebels, who disarmed and ousted the Rangers, killing Howard in the process. At that point, the settlers were allowed to keep their salt, but the flats soon fell into disuse after railroads started bringing in cheaper salt from Kansas in 1881. Nonetheless, the Rangers are still bitter about the experience -- it was the only time in history they were forced to surrender.

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Judy Dutton is a contributor at Mental Floss.

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