Why Is the USDA Helping to Hype Perdue Chicken?

The department's "process verification" program for poultry companies sounds like quality control—but it's really just marketing

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When New York Times reporter Stuart Elliott called to ask about the U.S. Department of Agriculture's process verification for Perdue chickens, I had to confess that I had never heard of it. 

I had no idea that USDA sponsored a program to certify poultry producers' claims like Perdue's:

  • All Vegetarian Diet
  • No Animal By-Products
  • Humanely Raised*
  • Raised Cage Free
  • Tenderness Guaranteed* (I discuss the footnotes below)

The USDA does indeed have a process verification program.

This is not, as you might expect, an inspection program to make sure that food producers are doing what they claim. No, USDA's Process Verification is a marketing program that allows producers to make claims and create certification logos.

As I discussed in the egg chapters in What to Eat, process verification is very much in the eye of the beholder. Most egg—and broiler—process verification programs certify that the chickens are fed and sheltered. But how they are fed and sheltered is quite another matter.

Perdue's claims are marketing hype because broilers are pretty much always fed grain, are not routinely fed animal by-products, and are not raised in cages. The claims say nothing about antibiotics so you have to assume these chickens are treated with antibiotics to promote growth and prevent infection under crowded conditions.

And now the footnotes:

*1/ Humanely Raised Program claim is in accordance with Perdue's Best Practices, which include:

  • Education, training, and planning
  • Hatchery Operations
  • Proper Nutrition and Feeding
  • Appropriate Comfort and Shelter
  • Health Care
  • Normal Patterns of Behavior
  • On-Farm Best Practices
  • Catching and Transportation
  • Processing

*Based on the principles outlined in Official Listing of Approved USDA Process Verified Programs Company Claims Verified Program Scope Verification Information in the National Chicken Council's Animal Welfare Guidelines to ensure the proper care, management, and handling of broiler chickens.

2/ Tenderness is Guaranteed through the implementation and verification of Perdue's "Tenderness Best Practices".

The guidelines require careful reading. "Humanely raised" by Perdue's criteria might not be what you mean by the term.

This campaign is not about safety, health, or humane treatment. It is about marketing.

As I explained to Stuart Elliott, it's hard not to be sarcastic about this sort of thing. And not to wonder why the USDA needs to do this.


This post also appears on Food Politics.
Image: micsten/flickr

Presented by

Marion Nestle is a professor in the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health at New York University. She is the author of Food Politics, Safe Food, What to Eat, and Pet Food Politics. More

Nestle also holds appointments as Professor of Sociology at NYU and Visiting Professor of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell. She is the author of three prize-winning books: Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health (revised edition, 2007), Safe Food: The Politics of Food Safety (2003), and What to Eat (2006). Her most recent book is Feed Your Pet Right: The Authoritative Guide to Feeding Your Dog and Cat. She writes the Food Matters column for The San Francisco Chronicle and blogs almost daily at Food Politics.

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