Debate: What Gives a Food Summit Fire and Light

There were both at The Atlantic's Food Summit—and a bracing mixture of conviction, pragmatism, and idealism. You can still watch and listen for yourself.

Tuesday's Atlantic Food Summit was a high point of the year, as it was last year and we intend to make it every year. It's easy to convene gatherings of like-minded people. I go to, and participate in, many, and both enjoy and learn from them. Informative and varied as those often are, it's much harder to bring together people with roughly equivalent expertise and standing in their fields, abilities to forcefully advocate for their positions—and sharply diverging points of view—and ask them to engage with each other in front of an audience on exactly the fields where they have the least common ground.

But this is Washington! And this is The Atlantic, where a contrarian skepticism, desire to inform, and need to understand conflicting points of view have always been the guiding forces of our articles, both in the printed magazine and on They're the guiding forces of our AtlanticLIVE events, too: the gathering of not-necessarily-like minds is the reason AtlanticLIVE calls them "Summits," and our sponsors welcome and encourage the interchange of ideas. (Just as advertisers know the subject range their ads will appear beside but know that editorial decisions are the magazine's alone, sponsors of our events know that the evaluation and choice of speakers is our responsibility.)

So the day was full of the kind of lively debate and healthy disagreement that helped give birth to the magazine—and, at the Summit, might have widened the horizons of many people in the room and the many more who, gratifyingly, followed on our live webcast. Happily, that stream is still available for viewing. I hope you'll take part in the day at your own convenience.

We've already had terrific summaries on the Life channel of Deputy USDA Secretary Kathleen Merrigan's morning keynote address, by Dan Fromson, the channel's editor, and our frequent contributor Rebecca Greenfield on the differing views of the correlation between soda consumption and obesity and the utility of a soda tax as expressed by Susan Neely, president and CEO of the American Beverage Association, and Zeke Emanuel, who needs no introduction to many Life channel readers.

This morning Dan summarizes the most contentious of the panels, on sustainability—the one that most engaged me, and not just because I moderated it. In helping the AtlanticLIVE team choose panelists, I was struck by the extremely different ways passionate people use the term "sustainability." The ends might be broadly agreed on—conservation of finite resources for current and future generations. But the means by which different people and entire non-profit and for-profit companies want to reach it—biotechnology or organic farming—are radically different.

As the particularly heated exchanged between Gary Hirshberg, of Stonyfield Farms, and Nina Fedoroff, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, showed, the positions are entrenched. And yet I was struck by the common ground they might not have listened for but I heard, for example that "modern," to use Fedoroff's preferred term, seeds are too expensive, and farmers all over the world need ready access to them. (The differences start over patents on seeds, and catch fire around the enforcements of those patents.) And, as it coursed through almost every exchange, the subject of water and the near-term limitations on it pose a more severe and immediate problem than how to feed the world's growing population. (Near-term plug: Buy Charles Fishman's new, very interesting, absorbingly written book on water, The Big Thirst.)

These were the flashiest debates, and they brought some new light as well as heat to well-established disagreements. Listen for the judicious summaries of the differing positions by Molly Jahn, of the University of Wisconsin at Madison, and her essential call for adding the "environmental balance sheet," similar to Hirshberg's call to include externalities, in any discussion of sustainability. Jahn also mentioned a fresh-as-of-last-week coalition of growers usually on opposite sides of the table: industrial or, as Sarah Alexander, of the Keystone Center gently told us to call it, "commodity" agriculture, and small farmers, who know they need to share information and unite to save resources and keep farming. The group is just forming and will soon lay out a strategy.

But I hope you won't miss the quieter but no less current and interesting (if less contentious) talks I had with Michael Taylor, Sam Kass, and Alice Waters. As always, and as he does on the Life channel, Taylor, the Deputy Commissioner for Foods at the Food and Drug Administration, makes complicated policy seem straightforward and comprehensible when he talks about it in his clear, plainspoken way. So I hope you'll listen to him, particularly on the historic importance of the Food Safety Modernization Act and—the big question now—what funds the FDA currently has and might soon have to implement it. As the FDA does on its dedicated site, with its long and good FAQ, Taylor placed special emphasis on the act's new supervision of imported foods, and the responsibility for food safety it puts on both exporters and importers.

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Corby Kummer's work in The Atlantic has established him as one of the most widely read, authoritative, and creative food writers in the United States. The San Francisco Examiner pronounced him "a dean among food writers in America." More

Corby Kummer's work in The Atlantic has established him as one of the most widely read, authoritative, and creative food writers in the United States. The San Francisco Examiner pronounced him "a dean among food writers in America." Julia Child once said, "I think he's a very good food writer. He really does his homework. As a reporter and a writer he takes his work very seriously." Kummer's 1990 Atlantic series about coffee was heralded by foodies and the general public alike. The response to his recommendations about coffees and coffee-makers was typical--suppliers scrambled to meet the demand. As Giorgio Deluca, co-founder of New York's epicurean grocery Dean & Deluca, says: "I can tell when Corby's pieces hit; the phone doesn't stop ringing." His book, The Joy of Coffee, based on his Atlantic series, was heralded by The New York Times as "the most definitive and engagingly written book on the subject to date." In nominating his work for a National Magazine Award (for which he became a finalist), the editors wrote: "Kummer treats food as if its preparation were something of a life sport: an activity to be pursued regularly and healthfully by knowledgeable people who demand quality." Kummer's book The Pleasures of Slow Food celebrates local artisans who raise and prepare the foods of their regions with the love and expertise that come only with generations of practice. Kummer was restaurant critic of New York Magazine in 1995 and 1996 and since 1997 has served as restaurant critic for Boston Magazine. He is also a frequent food commentator on television and radio. He was educated at Yale, immediately after which he came to The Atlantic. He is the recipient of five James Beard Journalism Awards, including the MFK Fisher Distinguished Writing Award.

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