How to Cook the King of Game Birds

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Lloyd Spitalnik


Ever since I started hunting I've wanted to chase the elusive, mystical woodcock, a bird so steeped in mythology it was once thought to spend its summers on the surface of the moon.

Timberdoodles, mud snipe, bog sucker, wood elf—all names for scolopax minor, the lewdly named woodcock. Okay, get your jokes out of the way. Lord knows I've told more than my share. But when you're done, you really ought to do everything in your power to actually eat one of these birds.

You can tell by the pictures of the live bird above that it's funny-looking. Eyes on top of its head, little butterball body, long beak and stubby legs.

Almost all who have eaten them say that woodcock is the king of game birds, greater even than canvasback duck. The flavor of woodcock is said to be strong, gamey-in-a-good-way, and like nothing else. They say the earth moves when you bite into one that has been perfectly cooked: pink, and just a little bloody.

I love game birds more than most people, so for years I've eagerly sought out woodcock wherever I've hunted. Woodcock do not live west of the Great Plains, so I am out of luck here in California. But when I hunted ducks in Canada I asked if there were any in the nearby woods. Sorry, they told me. The timberdoodles had already flown south, toward their wintering grounds in Louisiana. Ditto for my grouse hunt in Minnesota. The bog suckers had already left by the time I'd arrived. Damn.

My quest remains unfulfilled. I have still never shot a woodcock. But thanks to the power of the Internet—and FedEx—I managed to find myself in possession of three woodcock this week. How did this happen?

Well, Brian Degan, a longtime reader of my site and proprietor of the blog Long May Your Big Jib Draw, has had a great woodcock hunting season. When I heard about this, I proposed a trade: Oregon white truffles for timberdoodles. Luxury for luxury. It was a deal.

When the parcel arrived, I tore it open to see if the birds had come through okay. Phew! They did. Thawed, but still cold. First thing I noticed was how small they are: Woodcock are about as big as a Eurasian collared dove, about 5 ounces. For non-hunters, this is about the size of a quail.

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Lloyd Spitalnik

I knew there was only one real way to cook these birds, and that was to roast them simply. Looking over literally scores of old recipes, most from before World War I, the dominant method of cooking is in a "quick" oven for 10 to 20 minutes. Bacon or salt pork is put on the breast briefly, then taken off. The birds are served on toast and often with Cumberland sauce.

If this recipe was good enough for J.P. Morgan and his fellow Gilded Age barons, it was good enough for me. I had my plan. Still, it was with trepidation that I turned my oven on. I admit it: I had stage fright.

Any of you who cook regularly know this feeling. When faced with a rare or expensive ingredient, you freeze. You keep thinking, for God's sake, don't mess this up! All your normal cooking instincts fail and you become that timid, novice cook you once were. This happens to me with some frequency, and I know how to get past it: by taking a deep breath, running through the recipe several times in my head, then moving deliberately and smoothly. Focus matters.

First I cut rounds of spelt bread (I wanted something earthy and rustic to go with the game) and fried them in a little lard. Why lard? Why not? The birds then went in the oven. Fifteen minutes later they emerged. I salted them with Italian fiore de sale from Cervia and tented them with foil while I made the sauce. Down went the sauce, then the toast, then the birds. It was all so simple. Would it be good?

First thing I noticed was that the woodcock is an odd bird. You can tell by the pictures of the live bird above that it's funny-looking. Eyes on top of its head, little butterball body, long beak and stubby legs. The Indians say that God made woodcock out of leftovers. Looking at the roasted bird, there was one more thing: Its breast meat was dark and its leg meat was light—the exact opposite of every other bird I know. Weird.

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Holly A. Heyser

I tore into a leg. Surprisingly tender, light, and— what? Fatty. Upland game birds, at least wild ones, are never fatty. This was a revelation. I was sad to see the little legs go. On to the breast meat. Again, really tender. The color is that same lovely pink you see on a dove tenderloin, or a slightly underdone chicken thigh. Ever-so-slightly gamey, dense and juicy.

While the bird was good by itself, it was pure magic when eaten with a little piece of crisp toast and a smear of the Cumberland sauce. So this is how Rockefeller and Morgan felt as they ate their dinner! I felt an uncontrollable urge for either a very old Port or a Madeira from before the war. Which war I am not entirely certain.

It was a simple, heavenly meal. But here's the thing: I kept finding myself mentally comparing woodcock with ruffed grouse, which to me is the game bird that tastes the closest to a timberdoodle —and, I hate to say it, I prefer the ruffed grouse. All of that rhapsody attributed to the woodcock is, in my mind, better suited to the ruffed grouse. Grouse is gamier, funkier, more powerful than the delicate woodcock. And while I will never turn away a meal of woodcock, I am a man of strong tastes.

Even so, I am not disappointed. I've now eaten almost every game bird in North America (several grouse species still elude me) and I can say that I can think of no better banquet than one that begins with a course of delicate, tender woodcock, moves on to roast ruffed grouse, pauses for an interlude of grilled doves or snipe, and reaches its zenith with a main course of seared canvasback duck, glistening with fat and glittering with sea salt.

That would be living.


Visit Hank's blog for the full roast woodcock recipe.

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Hank Shaw runs the website Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, nominated for Best Food Blog by the James Beard Foundation in 2009 and 2010. He is the author of the recently released Hunt, Gather, Cook: Finding the Forgotten Feast. More

A former line cook, veteran political reporter, and fisherman, Hank Shaw is a freelance food writer who runs the website Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, which chronicles Shaw's search for what he calls the Forgotten Feast: The seasonal foods--mostly wild--we once delighted in, but are now curiosities at best. Game, wild mushrooms, seafood, and wild plants all have a place in modern cooking, and Shaw spends his days exploring their possibilities on the plate.

Hunter Angler Gardener Cook was nominated for Best Food Blog by the James Beard Foundation in both 2009 and 2010 and by the International Association of Culinary Professionals in 2010. He is the author of the recently released Hunt, Gather, Cook: Finding the Forgotten Feast. His work has appeared in magazines such as The Art of Eating, Field & Stream, and Gastronomica. He hunts, fishes, forages, and gardens in Northern California with his girlfriend--and photographer--Holly A. Heyser.
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