Baby Food Politics: The Formula Lobby's Latest Attack

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Laurie True, who directs California's WIC program (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children), writes in The Hill about the latest efforts of infant formula company lobbyists to extract more money for their products.

WIC, for the uninitiated, provides formula and foods to low-income mothers of small children. But unlike food stamps, it is not an entitlement. Eligible families cannot enroll in WIC if the program does not have enough money to pay for the food. Despite ample research demonstrating the effectiveness of this program in improving the nutritional status of participants, only about half of eligible mothers and children are able to enroll. Any increase in the cost of infant formula means that even fewer eligible mothers will be able to participate.

At issue is a provision of the Childhood Nutrition Reauthorization Act thrown out when the Senate passed the bill last August.

Functional ingredients cost more. But do they really make kids healthier?

The dropped provision called for USDA, which manages WIC, to make a scientific decision about whether WIC should offer foods that contain new "functional ingredients" like omega-3s, antioxidants, and probiotics. These are increasingly being added to infant formula, baby food, and other foods that WIC buys. They cost more. But do the ingredients really make kids healthier?

To say the least, the science is highly conflicted and most studies show little evidence of demonstrable benefit.

WIC buys 60 percent of U.S. infant formula, so formula makers are eager to jack up the price. USDA's studies (PDF) say that functional ingredients cost WIC upwards $90 million annually. Formula makers are spending a fortune to make sure that these ingredients get no scientific scrutiny.

Call this baby food politics, but it matters.


This post also appears on foodpolitics.com.

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Marion Nestle is a professor in the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health at New York University. She is the author of Food Politics, Safe Food, What to Eat, and Pet Food Politics. More

Nestle also holds appointments as Professor of Sociology at NYU and Visiting Professor of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell. She is the author of three prize-winning books: Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health (revised edition, 2007), Safe Food: The Politics of Food Safety (2003), and What to Eat (2006). Her most recent book is Feed Your Pet Right: The Authoritative Guide to Feeding Your Dog and Cat. She writes the Food Matters column for The San Francisco Chronicle and blogs almost daily at Food Politics.

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