Beyoncé's 'Flawless': The Full Story

Her creative director talks about conceiving a song, video, album cover, and release strategy that would represent a pop star's punk-rock moment. 
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Before she woke up flawless, Beyoncé woke up mad. That’s how she later explained the controversial six-minute sonic experiment called “Bow Down/I Been On” that she posted online in March of 2013.

"I went into the studio, I had a chant in my head, it was aggressive, it was angry, it wasn't the Beyoncé that wakes up every morning," she told iTunes Radio. "...Imagine the person that hates you. Imagine a person that doesn't believe in you. And look in the mirror and say, 'Bow down, bitch' and I guarantee you feel gangsta.”

That track reemerged in December on the self-titled “video album” that she and her team created in secret and released sans forewarning—prompting an Internet freakout and enormous sales. By then, “Bow Down” had been reengineered into “***Flawless,” with the song’s original back half replaced by a TEDx talk snippet from author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, a rap from Beyoncé, and an instantly viral refrain about rising in the morning looking perfect.

“It’s not to be taken literally,” said musician The-Dream, who co-wrote the song along with Beyoncé, Chauncey Hollis, Rey Reel, and Rashad Muhammad. “Nobody wakes up flawless. It’s an oxymoron. But the meaning behind it, to say ‘I just woke up feeling good,’ is what it’s about.”

The accompanying video dramatizes that spirit via a multicultural punk-rock mosh pit. Shooting in Paris, director Jake Nava populated the scene with models, actual London Rudeboys, and members of something called the Parisian Anti-Racist Skinhead Alliance.

“That was cool, because we were creating a subculture video in the wrong city, and in their numbers were Indians and blacks and whites,” Nava told me. “There was a utopian feeling about that posse, because they were making a big thing about the fact that they were not in any way [associated] with the racist connotations of original skinheads.”

It's Beyoncé herself who makes the video so memorable, though. The famously coiffed pop star thrashes her head, bares her teeth, and playfully wiggles her hands. “What I loved about her performance, having filmed her many times, was the choppy change-iness of it,” Nava said. “She wasn’t being dainty. She got right into the spirit of the mosh pit.”

The July/August issue of The Atlantic features a short, edited interview I did with Beyoncé’s creative director Todd Tourso, talking about “Flawless.” Here’s a much longer version of the conversation, with tidbits about the origins of the song, the Beyoncé album cover, and the artistic mentality that makes Queen Bey different from any other pop star.

What state was “Flawless” in when you got involved?

Todd Tourso: I got on the team in the beginning of June [2013], and we started almost immediately on the visual album process. It was such a blur. She was on tour and we were traveling, and we would shoot during the day sometimes: 10, 12 hour days starting at five or six in the morning. Then she would go do a show. Then she would go to the studio. Then she would pop up on set, six or seven the next morning, having not slept, and she’d tell us about some song she made the night before that was going to be amazing. That happened two or three times. I believe [“Flawless”] was one of them.

I don’t want to speak for her, but I think that she knew that “Bow Down,” the song that she had started previously, was a type of an energy that this record needed. But she also felt that it needed a flip side, something that was more sort of macro. “Flawless” was meant to be the portion of the song that inspired the listener, gave them some reason for the bravado that defined “Bow Down.”

When “Bow Down” came out, some people criticized it as taking on women or being too boastful. Was she developing “Flawless” with those criticisms in mind?

It’s hard to say how much that affects her process. But I think that when she started messing around with those sounds [for “Bow Down”] she started to make a conscious effort to make music for herself, have a little more fun with it, and not overthink it. And not be scared about what her core fan base, or, y’know, people might think about it. When it came out, it freaked people out a lot. But it laid the groundwork for everything we were about to do with the album, and got her fans ready for something that was different: more aggressive, less apologetic, and very timely.

So it’s hard to say whether or not the criticisms of that song affected its evolution. You can be concerned on one hand, and on the other know that you have to follow your heart. When all the pieces start to move into place, then you have the perspective where you can fill in the gaps and know what’s needed to complete the sentence.

A big part of it for her was this idea of struggle and the fight to become a champion. All the defeats and hard times and losses that she’s had that felt like they were earth-shattering, in perspective, made her the warrior that she is today—made her be able to step out and say, “Bow down, bitch.” Because to her, it’s like, “I’ve been through all this. I’ve worked harder. I’ve suffered more. I’ve seen the bad part of the industry and the good part of the industry.” When the album was coming together, she homed in on her Star Search moment, where she lost and she thought that was the end of the world, and now looking back that’s just a funny little asterisk in her biography. I think once she connected that Star Search moment to “Bow Down,” “Flawless” was born, sort of as the resolution or the victory lap.

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Spencer Kornhaber is a senior associate editor at The Atlantic, where he edits the Entertainment channel. More

Before coming to The Atlantic, he worked as an editor for AOL's and as a staff writer at Village Voice Media's OC Weekly. He has also written for Spin, The AV Club,, Field & Stream, and The Orange County Register.

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