Arrested Development's Homophobia, Racism, and Church-Bashing: Too Far?

A conversation about the show's sometimes-hilarious, sometimes-queasy identity politics
gob kissing george michael 650 arrested development.jpg

This is a post in a series from Atlantic writers on Arrested Development's fourth season.

The Atlantic's sexes editor, Eleanor Barkhorn, has been making her way through the new, Netflix-released season of Arrested Development for the past few weeks. Entertainment editor Spencer Kornhaber finished the season a few days after it hit the Internet. Below, the edited transcript of a story brainstorming session that turned into a discussion of the show's identity politics.

Eleanor: Has anyone done a good piece on the gayness of Arrested Development?

Spencer: Not that I've seen. Did you just watch the second GOB eppy, the one where he sleeps with Tony Wonder?

Eleanor: Yes. But it only highlighted a theme that's been there all along.

Spencer: And what would you say about that theme?

Eleanor: That's the thing. It's kind of hard to work out who the joke is on. I mean, there are all the levels of deception. Tobias is gay but doesn't know it. Tony Wonder isn't gay but wants people to think he is. GOB isn't gay but wants Tony Wonder to think he is (but doesn't want anyone else to think he is). And along the way they find what they really want is friendship, which is one of the more poignant conclusions of the show: No one really has friends.

And then there's Lucille's comic homophobia.

Spencer: Yep. I thought about including something like "the gays" in my piece, where I list some of institutions/groups that are in the show that are kind of satirized but mostly exist as marks for the Bluths' cons.

Eleanor: But, then, beyond "the gays" as an institution, there is actual engagement with homosexual desire

Spencer: True, it doesn't quite work the same way, especially with the whole Tobias thing.

Eleanor: Right. The closeted dude is a classic comic character, but usually the jokes are on the character trying to hide his sexuality. This a character who is so clueless, he says things all the time that out him, even though he's not even aware he's in the closet in the first place.

Spencer: It's an extension of Tobias's cardinal flaw, denial, which goes along with believing he can be an actor. All the Bluths have their own specific kind of narcissism: Michael's is pride, Lindsay's is vanity, GOB's is a kind of sociopathic blend of insecurity and self-absorption, Lucille's is malice I guess, George Sr.'s is greed. Though I think I stole that idea from Dan Zak.

Eleanor: What about the sex scene between Tony and GOB where each guy thinks he's having sex with himself? Obviously the point there is narcissism—they're both turned on by someone who looks exactly like them. But the scene is also willfully blind to how sex works—since they're both supposed to think they're having sex with Anne wearing mask.

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Spencer: It's kind of a genius, if nonsensical, thing for the show to have happen. I mean you can obviously choose to see it all as problematic—the implication that homosexuality is an extension of male friendship, the idea that sexual orientation is not really innate at all, Tony Wonder's building a career on the premise that being gay makes it easier to get ahead in society. But that's not the point. It's not supposed to be commenting on reality or homosexuality but on the characters' self-involvement.

Eleanor: Which is kind of fascinating and definitely unusual. The headline could be "Arrested Development Is Obsessed With Homosexuality but Has Nothing to Say About It," or something. "The Least-Gay Gay Show."

Spencer: Ha, that's fun. Yeah, I could see that. But that's the case with everything the show's obsessed with.

Eleanor: Totes.

Spencer: I'd be interested to hear what you thought of its Christian stuff.

"The cynicism seems more dominant this season, and (unsurprisingly) I feel that the most when it's directed at a group I'm a part of."

Eleanor: To me, that's more insidious. But I am sensitive, I guess? I think the show does have things to say about the church. Not very sophisticated things, but there's more of a point being made there than about race or wealth or homosexuality or parenting or the other issues the show touches on.

Spencer: Well I think with all these things, they're shown as available for abuse by terrible people and delusional people. Ditto the eastern religion stuff with Lindsay, liberal activism, etc.

Eleanor: Yeah that's true, that's true.

Spencer: At least in this season, I just felt bad for the Christians for everything GOB does. I'm not a Christian, but I remember gasping at GOB's Jesus stuff. Like, this is so bad. But that's obviously the point. This guy is saying literally the most sacrilegious things possible at a Christian wedding where he's the groom. It's the height of this family's narcissism being destructive... but maybe it's disparaging to have the Christians just sit there and take it?

Presented by

Eleanor Barkhorn & Spencer Kornhaber

Eleanor Barkhorn and Spencer Kornhaber are senior associate editors at The Atlantic.

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