With '21 Jump Street,' Hollywood Masters Turning a TV Show Into a Film

After 38 attempts at adapting TV for the big screen, there are rules for what makes a dud and what makes a hit.

Columbia Pictures

TV junkies: get ready to feel déjà vu all over again. This weekend's buddy cop comedy, 21 Jump Street—which traces its origins to Johnny Depp's star-making series of the same name—is just the latest in a long line of TV-to film adaptations to hit movie theaters. The TV-to-film subgenre has seen more lows than highs over the past two decades (remember I Spy? Didn't think so), and 21 Jump Street is already one of its more acclaimed offerings. According to Metacritic's current numbers, 21 Jump Street is the second-most acclaimed movie adapted from a TV show ever—behind only 1993's The Fugitive.

It's a hopeful sign that Hollywood might finally be starting to crack the TV-to-film subgenre. The massive boom in TV-based film adaptations shows an intriguing shift in Hollywood's attitude toward the smaller screen: TV used to be the film industry's whiny kid brother, clamoring for attention from its older, flashier sibling. But times have changed. Major actors are no longer stigmatized for taking small-screen roles, and many critics have begun to argue that the best of television has surpassed the best of film. Hollywood, ever-vigilant for a bigger cut of the box-office, has spent the past two decades mining the small screen for potential big-screen blockbusters—and the results haven't always been pretty.

Why has Hollywood turned to classic television for ideas 38 separate times over the past 20 years? For the same reason that it's turned to teen lit, comic books, fairy tales, and board games: It works. Two of the biggest contemporary film franchises—Transformers and Mission: Impossible—are rooted in television series that had been off the air for decades. As production costs continue to increase, Hollywood can't risk losing money on a big-budget movie with untested appeal, and Hollywood figures that a name like Land of the Lost might trigger some small point of recognition in the back of your brain, making you more likely to take a chance on a movie ticket (hey, I didn't say it always works).

The sheer number of TV-to-film adaptations offers a terrific opportunity to analyze the best and worst of the subgenre—and to discuss how Hollywood can turn to the small screen to make great films (and huge grosses) for years to come:

Twist the show's premise.

The trickiest part of adapting a TV show for film is turning something that's designed to go on forever into a conventional, three-act film. The movies that merely mount a no-frills replica of a small-screen premise—including My Favorite Martian and The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle—have been failures. The best of the genre find a unique spin on an old premise. 21 Jump Street follows in the footsteps of The Brady Bunch Movie and Starsky and Hutch by openly mocking its TV predecessor—lampshading the ridiculous "young-looking cop infiltrates a high school" premise by casting Channing Tatum as one of the film's two undercover cops, and having the characters constantly ask if he's actually a teenager. (Of course, this can also be taken too far: See the film version of Bewitched, which built its bizarre, high-concept story around a real witch taking the role of Samantha in a remake of the TV series Bewitched.)

Pay homage to the original series...

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Scott Meslow is entertainment editor at TheWeek.com.

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