Lawyer, politician, illustrator, cartoonist and dadaist are not the kinds of vocations that frequently converge in a single polyglot, but they did in Adolf Hoffmeister (1902-1973), whose illustrations, collages, and caricatures of prominent personalities shaped the Czech avant-garde. But parallel to his prolific creative career was a seemingly endless life on the run from political prosecution. In 1939, he spent seven months in prison in Paris, where he had emigrated. After France's capitulation, Hoffmeister went to Morocco, where he faced time in a concentration camp. He finally made his way to New York in 1941 as a free man before returning to his homeland of then-Czechoslovakia in 1945.
As soon as he got to New York, Hoffmeister published The Animals Are in Cages, released in the U.K. under the title The Unwilling Tourist -- a stunningly illustrated book that captured his experience of life on the run from the Nazis with equal parts humor and poignancy, spotted on the excellent 50 Watts (which you should be reading voraciously, or run the risk of having a profoundly impoverished experience of the curated Web). More than a mere treat of vintage illustration -- which it most certainly is -- Hoffmeister's work exudes a certain timeless tragicomic lament for the fate of refugees, or "unwilling tourists," displaced by disaster and turmoil, of which the world netted 25.2 million in 2010 per U.N. statistics.
From the book's flap:
Many books have been written by refugees, and all have ground their axe of bitter tragedy almost to the exclusion of everything else; but not so with Hoffmeister. Here is the only one of them whose native fund of humor is still so great that he must take a laughing-stock of tragedy. 'Laugh, clown, laugh,' both pen and pencil insist. Yet at no single moment does Hoffmeister lose sight of the final tragedy of the uprooted -- for he too has made the hopeless march. But he also made this book one of the most permanent and perfect indictments, both in word and in picture, of all those who have contributed to the creation and the torture of the Unwilling Tourist."
Though the book is long out of print, you can snag yourself a used copy with some poking around Amazon or sifting through your best-stocked local used bookstore -- it's very much worth the scavenger hunt.
Via 50 Watts.
This post also appears on Brain Pickings.