The VMAs: Britney Spears, Amy Winehouse, and MTV's Split Identity

Sunday's show will spotlight the network's ability to manufacture icons—and prop up real talent

amy winehouse britney spears mtv vmas 615.jpg

AP Images/Reuters

When MTV celebrated its 30th anniversary earlier this month, most of the chatter surrounding the event shared a common theme: MTV doesn't really play music videos anymore. And yet the network's Video Music Awards, which take place on Sunday night, remain MTV's most-watched, most-hyped, and most-talked-about program. But maybe that's because the show embodies the tension between the way MTV once was and the way it is now.

Look no further than the two tribute performances scheduled for Sunday to see this tension in action. A cast of pop stars will pay homage to both the recently deceased Amy Winehouse and the recently resurgent Britney Spears. The two are among the most important female artists of the past decade, and represent the two very different versions of MTV. Winehouse's legacy and relationship with MTV aligns with everything the network stood for when video killed the radio star 25 years ago: rebellion, discovery, edginess, and the craft. Spears, on the other hand, encompasses all that MTV, for better or worse, has grown to represent: spectacle, celebrity, controversy, and, arguably, the victory of style over substance.

Both artists have a history with MTV. One of Winehouse's first major televised performances in the U.S. was of "Rehab" at 2007's MTV Movie Awards. Three and a half minutes later, her catchy tune, unique performance style, and industry-changing retro soul was exposed to a wider American audience than the singer had encountered before. Sure, there were music fans who were already to hip to Winehouse, but the network had just made her a household name in the flyover states. Just as it had done over the years with The Pretenders, the Beastie Boys, and, most recently, Florence and the Machine, MTV put a national, regarded spotlight on artists most young people might never have discovered.

Both stars are part of MTV's grandest tradition: creating indelible moments in pop history

It certainly helped, too, that Winehouse's reputation as a partier suited the MTV ethos. The network was about breaking rules—something, as Daniel J. Flynn at the American Spectator writes, even its logo embodied, "with its forever morphing color scheme and polkadot-to-stripes-to-whatever patterns." Winehouse was certainly an unapologetic rulebreaker. She represented anarchy, speaking to the same culture moved by Nirvana, captivated by Courtney Love, understood by a generation of down-to-earth VJs, and transformed by the "this is who I am, deal with it!" attitudes of Madonna and Cyndi Lauper. Winehouse was dangerous and cool, but above all a complete package. MTV played a hand in that.

On the other side is an MTV that not only discovers musicians, but manufactures icons. In its 25-year history, the network has not only cultivated superstars, but become the Kool-Aid that nourishes the cult of those superstars. MTV is largely to credit for turning Spears into a transcendent sex symbol, starting with when they heavily featured the provocative Catholic-school-girl-themed clip for "...Baby One More Time" in its video rotation in the late '90s. Repeatedly inviting her to the VMA stage, the network provided the advantageous platform for moments that have defined her meteoric rise as an international sensation—the hyper-sexual nude body suit performance of "Oops!...I Did it Again," the slinky snake dance to "I'm a Slave 4 U," the headline-grabbing sleepwalk disaster of "Gimme More":

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Kevin Fallon is a reporter for the Daily Beast. He's a former entertainment editor at TheWeek.com and former writer and producer for The Atlantic's entertainment channel.

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