After reading The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency, a book told from the viewpoint of a proud, "traditionally built" African woman, it's a bit jarring to see the author photo on the back. Alexander McCall Smith is a very white, very male Scotsman with thinning gray hair and light blue eyes. But he has one thing in common with his fictional heroine, Precious Ramotswe: a peaceful, enduring affection for Botswana and its people.
Smith, who began his career as a medical law professor, has been writing fiction for decades. Even as he taught at universities and chaired the British Medical Journal Ethics Committee, he indulged his whimsical side by writing children's stories with titles like The Bubblegum Tree and Mike's Magic Seeds. In 1998, at the age of 50, he published his first book about Mma Ramotswe and her adventures as a private investigator. Audiences were so taken with the playful, warm-hearted tale that Smith was able to quit his day job and focus full time on fiction.
Today, Smith is a dizzyingly prolific writer, the author of 11 Ladies' Detective books and three other series. His stories are set around the world—his second-most-famous series, The Sunday Philosophy Club, follows the exploits of a mystery-solving Scottish woman named Isabelle Dalhousie. But it's Mma Ramotswe who has inspired an HBO adaptation and continues to attract the most devoted following. I spoke to Smith about his love for Africa, his "unfashionable" optimism, and his side career as an unapologetically bad musician.
Your Ladies' Detective books are written in the very convincing voice of an African woman. How are you able to inhabit a character who is so different from you?
I suppose it's part of being a novelist that one has to be able to imagine what it's like to be another person. After a while, one can imagine what it's like to be virtually anyone. But obviously, one has to have a certain amount of experience of the world one's characters live in, and I have lived in Africa.
You were born in Rhodesia, a part of Africa that has experienced a lot of turmoil.
Yes, Rhodesia—now Zimbabwe—is a country that has been experiencing difficulties for a long time. I spent my entire childhood there until I was 18. And then when I was 33, I lived in Botswana, which is quite the opposite of Zimbabwe. It's really well run and has been very successful, extremely peaceful. I really enjoyed the country and found it quite fascinating, and I've been back every year since.
In the Ladies' Detective books, there's a deep love for Africa at the heart of every story. Was that part of your goal—to portray a peaceful vision of Africa and counter the stereotypes of war, disease, and famine?
I didn't really have an agenda when I started writing these books. But I suppose what I wanted to do, without necessarily articulating it at the time, was to convey something of the special nature of Botswana. I really wanted to say something about this country and its people. I suppose in retrospect, what I was subconsciously wanting to do was say, "Don't write off sub-Saharan Africa. Remember there are wonderful things there."
You do seem to have a strong feel for the culture of southern Africa. For example, in the books, Mma Ramotswe knows that people in Botswana like to gossip. So when she wants information, she just asks somebody for it.
It's a very anti-Agatha Christie method of solving a mystery.
Usually in the genre of the detective novel, there are elaborate plots with all sorts of twists and turns. But Mma Ramotswe will just solve the mysteries by going and asking somebody, which is what life is like, I think. Real life is quite straightforward—not just in Botswana but anywhere. I think novelists can exaggerate the extent to which life is full of twists and turns.
Mma Ramotswe idolizes an old-school detective named Clovis Anderson—she carries around his book, The Principles of Private Detection, but she often ends up doing exactly the opposite of what he recommends.
Yes, Mma Ramotswe really does respect and revere Clovis Anderson, and she'll often quote the rules he stipulates. But then she ends up just doing her own thing. By the way, I think one of these days I'll have to write The Principles of Private Detection. People always write to me and ask, "Where can we get a copy of Clovis Anderson's book?" Of course, it doesn't really exist.
Also, in one of the novels I'm going to have Clovis Anderson turn up in Botswana. I think he probably comes from somewhere in the American Midwest. He's actually a failure. He's never really been a very good private investigator. Mma Ramotswe will realize he doesn't really know what he's doing, but she'll be so kind to him. She'll give him a little role in one of her cases and let him think he's solved it. I think I might do that in the next book, which will be volume 12.
Speaking of your plans for future books, I read your newest Ladies' Detective book, The Double Comfort Safari Club, in galley form, and I couldn't help noticing that the description on the back didn't correspond with what was inside.
Yes, you see, the problem is that publishers ask me for this well before I've written the book. They say, "Give us a summary." So I give them a summary, but then I change my mind once I start to write it.
This makes me suspect that you're not like J. K. Rowling, who supposedly had every detail of the Harry Potter series mapped out in advance and stored in a safe somewhere.
Oh, my goodness me! What a way to write!
Some of the characters in the Ladies' Detective stories have changed quite a bit over time. Have you learned things about them you wouldn't have expected when you started?