Newspapers: Who Still Needs the Venerable IHT?

In the mid-1960s, the New York Times and the Washington Post bought ownership of two-thirds of the Paris edition of what had been the New York Herald Tribune, whose proprietor John Hay Whitney had just folded the New York newspaper.

The International Herald Tribune (which came to be known as the IHT, although diehards held to the time-honored Trib), was as cool as a journalistic enterprise of that era could be. Located at 21 Rue de Berri in the center of Paris, just off the Champs Elysees, the newsroom was a maze of battered desks, around which waiters from the bistro downstairs navigated with trays of café filtre and stronger stuff for the editors: expat Americans and Britons, barely visible in the clouds of smoke from Gauloise and Lucky Strikes.

Presiding over the operation was the unlikely but irresistible figure of Murray (Buddy) Weiss, a refugee from the New York paper, who spoke almost no French yet did nightly combat with the communist shift-bosses whose minions set type and produced the paper under inflexible work rules.


Buoyed by the resources of the venerable New York Times and the expanding Washington Post, along with a small cadre of its own reporters and columnists (fashion, art auctions, and cycling were featured), the Paris operation produced a superb newspaper whose arrival across Europe by rail, air, or in the case of Moscow, mail, was a highlight in the day of Americans abroad.


The Paris sensibility and perspective somehow blended with the energy of American-style newsgathering, and the paper, it was said, even made the occasional buck for its owners. In the 1970s, the paper began sending pages to other printing sites around Europe, and later, Asia. Inevitably, the Rue de Berri site became a relic, and the IHT relocated to Neuilly-sur-Seine, a Paris suburb, where editors alternating between the Times and Post added to the paper's breadth, but the gauzy atmospherics faded into journalism legend.

This exercise in nostalgia is the result of a short vacation trip to Italy, providing a chance for the first time in several years to reconnect with the Trib, now officially known as the International Herald Tribune: The Global Edition of The New York Times. In 2002, after thirty-five years of partnership, the Times effectively maneuvered the Post into selling the Times their share by saying it was considering starting its own international newspaper. Whitney was long gone. Those were flush days for the Times company (and the Post also, for that matter, but their top management ultimately was less interested in being a national and international newspaper than the Times).

A very great deal has changed in the newspaper business since the split. Travelers, ex-pats, and the business community really no longer need the IHT. Your laptop, even your blackberry or iPhone, can give you everything in the New York Times and the International Herald Tribune for no more than the cost of your data package or Internet connection. When the Times took over full ownership of the IHT, the widespread assumption was that it would be re-named the international edition of the New York paper. But marketing consultants recommended against the move, saying the strengths of the old Trib identity were valuable in terms of circulation and advertising.

Presented by

Peter Osnos is a contributing writer for The Atlantic. He is the founder and editor at large of PublicAffairs books and a media fellow at the Century Foundation.

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