I've been busy trying to wear out "Speechwars
" since my colleague Jim Fallows posted an entry
about it yesterday, to help us all prepare for President Obama's State-of-the-Union-equivalent speech.
The New York TImes has been busy with the same thing, to judge from the interactive graphic on its online front page
. (Sorry, I don't see how to link to the graphic itself in any permanent way.) The Times shows you the relative use over the years of all the obvious, important words, like "economy," "deficit," "jobs," and "energy."
As a sidebar to that sidebar, I thought I'd look into the presidents' relative use of the Seven Deadly Sins
. Yes, I know, it's a Catholic thing and only one of our presidents has been a Catholic. But at least the list gives us something to count.
Theodore Roosevelt is the only president ever to have used the word "lust" in a State of the Union address.
"Gluttony"and "sloth" have had no takers.
The last president to actually say "greed" was Dwight D. Eisenhower, in 1954.
The word "wrath" has been used 6 times, most recently by Theodore Roosevelt in 1905. Since then, "wrath"s more contemporary synonym "anger" has been used 9 times.
"Envy" has come up 9 times, most recently in George W. Bush's 2006 address.
"Pride" has come up 109 times, in the speeches of every full-term president except Thomas Jefferson.
Shall we do the 7 heavenly virtues
as well? (I'm going to use the set of them that Aurelius Clemens Prudentius popularized and that directly oppose the sins.)
"Chastity" and "temperance" each made one appearance, in the 19th century.
"Charity" had a dry spell lasting through Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and Bush I, but otherwise has been used throughout American history.
We haven't heard about "diligence" since Woodrow Wilson, in 1914.
"Patience" has remained out of fashion since the Clinton years.
The only presidents since Calvin Coolidge to use the word "kindness" were the Bushes.
The last president to use the word "humility" was Bill Clinton, in 2000.
If we total everything up, the sins have received 146 mentions, and the virtues 111. So much for accentuating the positive. But wait! "Pride" was mentioned far more often than any of the other qualities, good or bad. And though it's nominally a sin, the word is almost always used in a positive way.
So, what does all this tell us? Um, language is complicated?