Room For Debate considers it. Lisa Goldman is the most optimistic:

[T]he people of eastern Libya, largely liberated from Qaddafi’s forces, have already formed a provisionary government led by tribal leaders, who willingly share power with the youth who led the revolution. They have also established a radio station, Voice of Free Libya.

For the 42 years he ruled Libya, Qaddafi ruthlessly suppressed political opposition and reduced the vast majority of people to an existence that was spiritually and materially impoverished. Certainly, there was no education in democratic principles. And yet, their first action, post-Qaddafi, has been to establish democratic institutions and express loyalty for a united Libya, rather than to their tribes.